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The Gilded Age
the name associated with America in the late 1800s, referring to the extravagant wealth of a few and the terrible poverty that lay underneath
ethnic group
a minority that speaks a different language or follows different customs than the majority of people in a country
regionalism
in art or literature, the practice of focusing on a particular region of the country
slum
poor, crowded, and run-down urban neighborhoods
assilimate
to absorb a group into the culture of a large population
realism
an approach to literature, art, and theater that shows things as they really are
vaudeville
stage entertainment made up of various acts, such as dancing, singing, comedy, and magic shows
ragtime
a type of music with a strong rhythm and a lively melody with accented notes, which was popular in early 1900s
Emigrate
To leave one's homeland to live elsewhere
tenement
a building in which several families rent rooms or apartments, often with little sanitation or safety
steerage
cramped quarters on a ship's lower decks for passengers paying the lowest fares
suburb
residential areas that sprang up close to or surrounding cities as a result of improvements in transportation
sweatshop
a shop or factory where workers work long hours at low wages under unhealthy conditions
Settlement House
Institution located in a poor neighborhood that provided numerous community services such as medical care, child care, libraries, and classes in English
land-grant college
originally, an agricultural college established as a result of the 1862 Morrill Act that gave states large amounts of federal land that could be sold to reaise money for education
yellow journalism
writing which exaggerates sensational, dramatic, and gruesome events to attract readers, named for stories that were popular during the late 1800s: a type of sensational, biased, and often false reporting
Bryn Mawr
Trained women to take on careers, required that everyone lived on campus so they wouldnt get side-tracked
Howard university
at Washington, D.C.; coeducational; with federal support. It was founded in 1867 by Gen. Oliver O. Howard of the Freedmen's Bureau, to provide education for newly emancipated slaves
Jane Addams
the founder of Hull House, which provided English lessons for immigrants, daycares, and child care classes
Grace Abbott
helped found immigrant protective league spoke out for immigration
Brokker T. Washington
African American progressive who supported segregation and demanded that African American better themselves individually to achieve equality
Morill Act
of 1862, in this act, the federal government had donated public land to the states for the establishment of college; as a result 69 land- grant institutions were established.