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The Gilded Age

the name associated with America in the late 1800s, referring to the extravagant wealth of a few and the terrible poverty that lay underneath

ethnic group

a minority that speaks a different language or follows different customs than the majority of people in a country


in art or literature, the practice of focusing on a particular region of the country


poor, crowded, and run-down urban neighborhoods


to absorb a group into the culture of a large population


an approach to literature, art, and theater that shows things as they really are


stage entertainment made up of various acts, such as dancing, singing, comedy, and magic shows


a type of music with a strong rhythm and a lively melody with accented notes, which was popular in early 1900s


To leave one's homeland to live elsewhere


a building in which several families rent rooms or apartments, often with little sanitation or safety


cramped quarters on a ship's lower decks for passengers paying the lowest fares


residential areas that sprang up close to or surrounding cities as a result of improvements in transportation


a shop or factory where workers work long hours at low wages under unhealthy conditions

Settlement House

Institution located in a poor neighborhood that provided numerous community services such as medical care, child care, libraries, and classes in English

land-grant college

originally, an agricultural college established as a result of the 1862 Morrill Act that gave states large amounts of federal land that could be sold to reaise money for education

yellow journalism

writing which exaggerates sensational, dramatic, and gruesome events to attract readers, named for stories that were popular during the late 1800s: a type of sensational, biased, and often false reporting

Bryn Mawr

Trained women to take on careers, required that everyone lived on campus so they wouldnt get side-tracked

Howard university

at Washington, D.C.; coeducational; with federal support. It was founded in 1867 by Gen. Oliver O. Howard of the Freedmen's Bureau, to provide education for newly emancipated slaves

Jane Addams

the founder of Hull House, which provided English lessons for immigrants, daycares, and child care classes

Grace Abbott

helped found immigrant protective league spoke out for immigration

Brokker T. Washington

African American progressive who supported segregation and demanded that African American better themselves individually to achieve equality

Morill Act

of 1862, in this act, the federal government had donated public land to the states for the establishment of college; as a result 69 land- grant institutions were established.

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