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APUSH Notecards 251-500

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First Transcontinental Railroad
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Terms in this set (250)
Completed with Golden Spike at Promontory Point, Utah
Marked the meeting of the Union Pacific and the Central Pacific railroads
During construction, the Union Pacific used Irish labor, while the Central Pacific used Chinese labor
The connection of the railroads opened national markets and met growing economic needs
Militant organization seeking solutions to labor problems
Allowed skilled and unskilled workers (along with women and blacks) to join
Wanted an eight-hour work day, termination of child labor, equal pay for equal work, and the elimination of private banks
Under Terrence Powderly's leadership, the Knights reached membership of over 700,000
Downfall caused by emergence of the AFL, mismanagement, and financial losses from unsuccessful strikes
American novelist who grew up in Hannibal, Missouri
Early jobs as both a printer's apprentice and a riverboat pilot on the Mississippi River
His novels included The Adventures of Tom Sawyer (1876), Huckleberry Finn (1885), and A Connecticut Yankee in King Arthur's Court (1889)
Twain's writings portray the essence of life and speech during the era; his use of a distinctly American vernacular influenced future fiction writers