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39 terms

Criminal Justice exam

true/false
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Once an offender has been sentenced, the stage of "corrections" begins.
true
The first ten amendments to the United States Constitution are collectively known as the Bill of Rights.
true
Property crimes typically have lower clearance rates than personal/violent crimes
true
Most murders are perpetrated by offenders classified as strangers.
false
Forcible rape is the least reported violent crime.
true
Typically, civil suits seek punishment, not compensation.
false
Actus reus means "guilty act."
true
Corpus delicti refers to the facts that show a crime has occurred.
true
Police chiefs are elected, and the mayor usually appoints sheriffs
false
the key to community policing is a partnership between the police and the community
true
Discretion is used mostly in routine situations that involve offenses that are not very serious
false
The plain-view doctrine still applies if offficers move objects so they can see evidence otherwise hidden from view
false
Officers armed with a warrant are legally allowed to enter a person's home unannounced if the officers have a reasonable suspicion that it would be dangerous to announce themselves
true
Probable cause is necessary for an arrest under any circumstance
true
Stress is a natural component of police work
true
Information complied, analyzed, and/disseminated in an effort to anticipate, prevent, or moniter criminal activity is known as the police subculture
false
Profiling was origionally intended to help catch drug couriers attempting to enter the country
true
Most defendents are detained in jail while awaiting trial
false
The purpose of the preliminary hearing is to determine the guilt of a defendant
false
Two types of courts function in the American criminal justice system: state courts and federal courts
true
Exculpatory evidence is information having a tendency to clear a person of guilt or blame
true
Dying declarations and spontaneous statements are considered exceptions to the hearsay rule
true
A peremptory challenge allows attorneys to remove potential jurors, but the attorneys must give a reason for doing so
false
Research indicates that rehabilitation works. Most offenders do not commit additional crimes after serving their sentences
false
Most research has clearly demostrated that the death penalty can detter potential offenders from committing crime
false
Fines are one of the oldest and most widel used types of criminal sanction
true
Nationwide, approximately 89% of parolees successfully complete parole
false
Of the offenders who are released on parole, only about 3% of them will be re-incarcerated withing three years
false
A probation officer does not does not need a search warrant or probable cause to search a probationer's residence
true
Death-row inmates are placed in minimum security institutions
false
A prison is a confinment facility administered by an agency of local government
false
It costs an average of $14 per day to incarcerate one inmate
false
It is a myth that al-Qaeda recruits members in U.S. prisons.
false
Some authors have suggested that violence in women's prisons occurs less often than in men's prisons
true
Inmates have a reasonable expectation of privacy in their cells under the Fourth Amendment
false
Juvenile courts place more emphasis on privacy than adult courts do
true
A juvenile who commmits a status offense has also committed a crime
false
A neglected child is a child who has engaged in activity that would be considered a crime if the child were an adult.
false
In the mid-1980s, the sale and use of illicit drugs was at an all time low.
false