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Theology MID-TERM sections 1-5
Terms in this set (69)
Believes God cannot be known so the person doubts/chooses not to decide (similar to an atheist)
Believes God is not real, there is no God,does not believe in anything you cannot see,touch etc.
The sense inside of us that tells us to do good
A sacred promise from God
Deposit of faith
Heritage of faith contained in Sacred Scripture and Tradition handed down in the church
God comes to us directly, intervenes,comes to speak with us-Incarnation-Becomes on of us. Unveils himself to us so we may better know him.
God's indirect communication to mankind through the beauty of (his) creation.
"Belief in,personal knowledge and trust in God and all that God has revealed."
-A free human response to gods love
-An act of both the mind and the will to know and love God and all his children (through creed,code and cult)
Successors of the Apostles of Bishops and pope who faithfully teach interpret and preserve the truths about our faith.
Belief in 1 God (Islam,Christianity,Judaism)
Belief in more than 1 God
The way a community expresses its belief in Creed,Code, and Cult
Indifference to religion-humans don't need God-they are the center of the universe (religion should not be in a public environment.)
Story of God's saving action in human history
The written record of Divine Revelation found in the Old + New Testament. Both are faithfully taught,interpreted and preserved by the Magisterium.
The church scripture (gospel + messages) being preserved and passed down by the Church's Magisterium.
Thomas Aquinas' 5 arguments for Gods existence
1. Unmoved mover-law of motion
2. 1st Cause-uncaused eternal causes
3. Supreme Model-degrees of perfection (truth,beauty, goodness,love)-God
4. Grand designer-order and harmony in universe--lots of symmetry--order requires a plan--does not happen randomly
5.Cosmological proof-nothing can not create something,there had to be an essential being of God.
Different forms of Revelation
Divine revelation- how God speaks to us through scripture (the bible) and tradition
Natural revelation- how God speaks to us through everyday encounters
Scripture and Tradition
-Sacred Scripture- the written record of Divine Revelation found in the Old and New Testament
-Sacred Tradition-The church scripture (gospel + messages) being preserved and passed down by the Church's Magisterium
Our inner longing for God
-God gave us a restless heart to help us find him
-God programmed us so we will never be truly happy until we are with him
-"Our heart is restless until it rests in you"
The Holy Spirit inspiring the authors (of the bible) to write the inherent word of God.
God's word is true in regards to religious truth (without error), although their is error in historically/science facts.
The facts from a passage in Scripture.
Not only the text of scripture but the realities and events.
"Drawing out/drawing conclusions" in Scripture.
St. Jerome's 5th century Latin translation of the Bible into the common language of the people of his day.
Dead Sea Scrolls
-Found in 1947 by Essene sect, near Qumram,Israel.
-Contain the ancient Old Testament manuscripts
St. Jerome (translated entire Bible into Latin)
Scripture is inspired by who? Describe that thought
Scripture is inspired by God but written by
Interpretation of Scripture
Literal- the facts
Allegorical (what calls us to belief/faith)
Anagogical (what calls us to hope for heaven and keep our eyes on the prize)
Moral (what calls us to live with charity/love)
Literary Forms of Scripture
Allegory, biography, creed, etiology, fable, history, law, prophecy, genealogy, hyperbole, miracle story, riddle
-The "hidden" books that refer to (for Catholics) the pious literature related to the Bible not included in the canon of the Bible.
-Two examples from the Old Testament are the Book of Jubilee, and 1 Esdras.
-Protestants and Jews use this term to refer to several Old Testament books that Catholics consider inspired- Sirach, Wisdom, Baruch, 1 & 2 Maccabees, Tobit, and Judith.
A general law, rule or principle. The official list of inspired books of the Bible. Catholics list 46 Old Testament and 27 New Testament books in their canon.
The process of systematic education in the faith for young people and adults with the view of making them disciples of Jesus Christ.
One who proclaims in word and deed the Good News of Jesus Christ. The four evangelists are Matthew, Mark, Luke, and John.
The "fathers of faith." male rulers, leaders, or elders. The patriarchs of the faith of Israel are Abraham, Isaac, and Joseph.
An important ancient Greek translation of the Old Testament. The word comes from the Latin word for "seventy" (or seventy two) and refers to the scholars who translated the work in seventy-two days.
The Greek term for "second canon." It refers to the books in the Old Testament not found (with)in Hebrew Scriptures. These books are Sirach, Wisdom, Baruch, 1 & 2 Maccabees, Tobit, Judith, and certain additions to Esther and Daniel.
The official public worship of the church. It's first Christ's work of Redemption, and his continuing work of Redemption as he pours his out his blessings through the sacraments. The Holy Spirit enlightens our faith and encourages us to respond.
The exiles and former exiles who remained faithful to YHWH during the time of captivity and who were expected to restore Jerusalem.
Authors and Formation of the Old Testament
The Hebrew Scriptures are divided into 3 categories (traditionally). Torah, meaning "Law," the first 5 books of the Pentateuch. Nebiim, meaning "Prophets," and Ketubim, meaning "writings."
3 stages of writing the New Testament
A literary device where human qualities are given to God
A common Semitic word for God used in the bible. Elohim appears in Hebrew names like Dan-i-EL
Enuma Elish- the Babylonian creation myth
-Means "When on high"
-Apsu (male) and Tiamat (female) create many Gods and monsters together
-The noise of the younger Gods annoyed Tiamat
-Apsu fights younger Gods and gets killed
-Marduk kills Tiamat
-Marduk dismembers Tiamat from her body and creates the world from her carcass
-Marduk forms human beings out of the blood of a slain leader of Tiamat's army
-The gods thought they worked too much
-Humans were created to be slaves of the gods so the gods could quit working.
Someone who embodies in a spirit
The period before there was writing (Genesis 1-11)
12 Tribes of Israel
The name for the descendants of the 12 sons of Jacob (Israel)
-An appearance or manifestation of God, as when he "appeared" to Moses in a burning bush
-The moveable sanctuary in which Jews carried the Ark of covenant while traveling
Good news (found in Genesis 3:15)-promise of the messiah (Jesus)
God's first announcement of a new Adam who would reconcile the world to God
Cain and Abel
Uses the name YHWH for God
BC the name of God was sacred, they would speak his name Lord or Lord God
Speaks of God in human terms
This is known as the anthropomorphic view of God
Gives the basic framework for the Pentateuch
Uses the name Elohim for God
Makes use of angels, visions, and dreams as ways God interacts with his people
Abraham is a central figure
Emphasis on morality and the Law
"Deuteronomist" means "second law"
Moses is a central figure
Also refers to do as Elohim, or just GOD
Genealogies(this is basically like a family tree) and census lists
lots of numbers and dates, as well as proper ways to worship
Authors (priests) portray God as far above his creation, giving orders and commands
Ex. First creation story
God planned creation
everything God made is good
There is only one God
The Sabbath is a special day of rest and worship
The Fall of man
The fall of man was when Adam and Eve ate the fruit from the tree of life and they were not supposed to so they were cast out of the Garden of Eden. This resulted in all of mankind never being in the presence of God and knowing good from evil.
Abraham, Isaac, Jacob
Exodus,Passover, Sinai Covenant
The Exodus was when the Israelites got out of bondage in Egypt. The Passover was when God told the Israelites to put lamb's blood on their doors so that the angel of death would pass over their homes and not kill their firstborn. This was the last of the ten plagues and it
People who acted as temporary military leaders and were supposed to remind people of their responsibility to God
Deborah, Gideon, and Samson
The denial of God and the repudiation of faith
Kingdom of Israel
Northern kingdom that split with Judah after Solomon's death (involved people and territory from ten of the twelve tribes)
Kingdom of Judah
Southern kingdom after the splitting of the monarchy (included territory that originally belonged to Judah and Benjamin)
Samuel and the 1st 3 Kings (who?) (what did they do)
-Saul was weak and was unfaithful
Division of the Kingdom (922 B.C)
Sins of the 1st 3 Kings of Israel
Samuel's prophecy about kings
Kings will take everything
More drafts, more taxes, more slavery
Ultimately, they will be the sole ruler of Israel even though the SOLE RULER IS GOD
Joshua and Judges
Books in the OT that tell how the Israelites moved into and settled the promise land
Theme of book of Joshua: God is on the Israelites side, God helps the Israelites, obedience=success
Tells of a rather easy conquest of Israel
Theme of book of Judges: historic record of the conquering of the promised land, cycle of apostasy
Tells a harder conquest of Israel
Joshua: a faithful and obedient follower of God
"I will be with you as I was with Moses: I will not forsake you."
Finishes Moses quest
Leads Israelites into the promised land, Canaan
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