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106 terms

Art Final

STUDY
PLAY
Woodcut is considered what type of printmaking process?
relief
Engraving is a type of ________ process.
intaglio
The wood engraving is considered what type of process?
relief
Drypoint printmaking is considered a(n) ________ process.
intaglio
________ is the oldest form of printmaking.
Woodcut
Which printmaking process uses acid to make the lines?
etching
The ________ image is raised from the surface of the matrix.
woodcut
The burin is the favored tool for working on a(n) ________.
engraving
The printmaking process begins with a design or image made in or on a surface by hitting or pressing with a ________.
tool
Printmaking processes are divided into four major categories: relief, intaglio, lithography, and ________.
serigraphy
The images in printmaking are usually rendered in ________.
ink
Intaglio prints are derived from designs or images that lie ________ the surface of the matrix.
below
The subtle tonal gradations achieved by the mezzotint process can be duplicated with a much easier and quicker etching technique called ________.
aquatint
Another word for silkscreen printing is ________.
serigraphy
T or F:The earliest engravings printed on paper did not appear until the 17th century.
False
T or F: In serigraphy, stencils are used to create the design or image.
True
T or F:Printmaking was not possible before the invention of the printing press.
False
T or F: In etching, the metal plate is covered with a liquid, acid-resisting ground.
True
Lithography is a surface or _________________ printing process.
Planographic
________ is credited with performing the first successful experiments in cinematography.
Muybridge
In the ________, editing permits the audience glimpses of the future.
flash-forward
He proved that a galloping horse has all four feet off the ground at once during parts of the gallop.
Muybridge
As photographers found ways of recording and expressing themselves in photography, which artists were able to pursue more abstract work?
painters
T or F:While many American actors were embattled in Europe and the Pacific during World War II, Ronald Reagan was making films for the United States that depicted the valor of the Allied soldiers.
True
The camera _________________ could be a box or an actual room with a small hole that admits light through one wall.
Obscura
In an _________________ , a motion picture is created by photographing a series of drawings.
Animation
A pliable material, such as clay or wax, is shaped into a three-dimensional form in __.
modeling
A liquid material is poured into a mold in which sculpture process?
casting
The lost-wax technique pertains to which sculpture process?
casting
The sculptor cuts away portions of the material until the desired form is achieved in a(n) ________.
subtractive process
Forms are built from materials such as wood, paper, string, sheet metal, and wire when an artist creates work in the technique called ________.
additive process
Sculpture is the art of carving, casting, modeling, or assembling materials into ________-dimensional figures or forms.
three
The term used in connection with sculptures that actually move is ________.
kinetic
The most likely way of handling bronze for sculpture is in the technique known as ________.
casting
The most likely way of turning marble into a piece of sculpture is through the ________ technique.
carving
The most likely way of using sheet metal in sculpture is in the technique called ___.
construction
A last step in the casting process is ________.
burnishing
T or F: In earthworks or land art, large amounts of earth or land are shaped into a sculpture.
True
T or F: As bronze and copper sculptures age, the surface is affected by oxidation; the resulting surface alteration is called rust.
False
T or F: In mixed-media works, sculptors use materials and ready-made or found objects that are not normally the elements of a work of art.
True
Projecting parts of wood sculpture are less likely to break off than would similar projections in stone sculpture because wood has greater _________________ strength.
Tensile
_________________ is a form of constructed sculpture in which pre-existing, or found, objects are integrated into combinations that take on a life and meaning of their own.
Assemblage
For thousand of years we have used sculpture to portray visions of the gods, saints, and devils. Religious people in earlier times, and some even now, believe that their _________________ actually dwell within the material they sculpt.
Gods
Large-scale out-of-doors environmental sculptures are called:
earthwork
Site-specific work that is created or marked by an artist within natural surroundings is called:
land art
A sculptural work that you can actually enter is called:
Environmental
Works that have a temporary immediacy or are built with the recognition that they will disintegrate is:
Ephemeral art
A type of site-specific public art that is intended to preserve the memory of a person or an event.
Monument
Works created for public spacesare:
Public art
Art that is produced in or for one location and is not intended to be relocated.
Site-specific art
In ________ construction two uprights support a horizontal piece.
post-and-lintele
Stonehenge, the Temple of Amen-Re in Egypt, and the Parthenon in Greece were all built using which of the following techniques?
post -and lintel
The wedge-shaped blocks of stone in an arch are called ________.
voussoirs
A mass-production form of carpentry, dating back to the turn of the 20th century, is known as ________.
balloon framing
T or F: In both the sciences and the arts, we strive to weave our experiences into coherent bodies of knowledge and to communicate them.
True
T or F: Architecture is a branch of engineering and not one of the arts.
False
________ is slightly porous or fully nonporous and is used for most dinnerware and much ceramic sculpture.
Stoneware
________ is made from fine, white kaolin clay and other materials and is used for fine dinnerware.
Porcelain
Warp and woof form broken diagonal patterns in a ________.
twill weave
In ________ the design is put on the cloth by needlework.
embroidery
What use for metal work is ever growing in popularity and spans history and geography?
body ornament
Faith Ringgold is well known for her ________ quilts.
narrative
The familiarity of many product packages has provided a fertile inspiration for ________.
pop art
A piece of metal is _________________ by melting powdered glass on it.
Enameled
Web design has two key tasks; one is technical and the other is ____________ .
Aesthetic
Objects formed out of clay and then fired in a very hot kiln are:
Ceramics
Three basic types of ceramics are: (low, high, & highest kiln fired)
Earthenware, Stoneware, & Porcelain
A material that is painted on a ceramic object and turns glassy when fired is known as:
Glazing
Three types of fiber arts are: (1. woven designs 2. Sewn onto existing fabric 3. stitched onto existing fabric)
Appliqué, Embroidery, & Tapestry
The ability of a material to span a horizontal distance with minimum support underneath is:
Tensile strength
Four of the first or early kinds of photographic reproduction processes (Paper, Glass, & Metal)
Tintype, Daguerreotype, Ambrotype, & Calotype
Name four of Griffithís mechanics employed in film making. (used in making The Birth of a Nation)
Iris shot, Traveling shot, Crosscutting, & Flashback
A mass communication process that has touched more people more significantly than all other media combined is:
Video arts
Three basic design tools that graphic designers work with are: (has infinite design possibilities)
Type, Photography, & Illustration
Three major arts and crafts movements that confront the choice between the geometric and the organic are:
Art Deco, Avant-garde, & Art Nouveau
Siegfried Bing was among the first promoters of an art form that used organic undulating lines of saplings, serpentine forms and even flowing hair. It was called:
Art Nouveau
What were the visual characteristics of art and design produced by the Dutch art group known as De Stijl?
they eliminated all colors except primaries
The Bauhaus:
was an influential design school in Germany
The Romans perfected which architectural innovation by the end of the first century B.C.E.?
the arch
The device invented in the 16th century as a means of capturing and fixing images from the natural world whose name means dark room, is:
camera obscura
The first great master in film editing was:
D.W. Griffith
In film making, each unbroken, continuous sequence of movie frame with the camera still rolling is called
shot
The first American film to fully utilize ìevery known trick of the filmmakerís trade resulting in a masterful work was:
Citizen Kane
Originally, when an artist worked in "the crafts," it meant that they:
produced functional objects
Most ceramic objects are created by one of three methods:
slab construction, coiling, and throwing
The process of gluing or pasting fragments of printed matter, fabric and other material onto a two-dimensional surface is called _______.
Collage
Typically, a ceramic object will be painted with a _______ to give it a glassy appearance after firing.
Glaze
What are three primary types of ceramics (clay bodies)?
Earthenware, Stoneware, & Porcelain
When a sculpture is created by building up the form with a material such as clay, the process is called:
additive
One of the complex aspects of wood carving (p. 276) that a sculptor must pay attention to is:
wood grain
The means by which pliable clay is made to hold its form permanently is through:
firing it
A sculptural work that you can actually enter is referred to as:
an environment
When an artist paints with a mixture of watercolor pigment and Chinese white chalk, the process is called:
gouache
In 1956, a new synthetic paint was developed from the same materials used to make plastics. The media was called:
acrylic
One of the superior aspects of oil paint is the fact that the artist can:
continue to work on the same painting for weeks without it drying,work with big, bold, energetic brushstrokes, blend hues and tones seamlessly
Known for its extraordinary luminosity, what medium was widely used in classical Greece and Roman Egypt?
encaustic
________, is a phrase "meaning deceit of the eye," it occurs when a painting or other artwork looks absolutely real to the point of deception.
Trompe LíOeil
Known for his role in the Pop art movement, Andy Warhol created many art works using this commercial process. What is it?
silk-screening
A _________ is an example of relief printmaking.
rubber stamp
________ is the process that assures that the colors of a woodcut or other relief print will align perfectly.
Registration
________ is the process where the printing surface is completely flat.
Lithography
Monotype is a process that is unique among the printmaking processe, because it produces:
only one print from the plate
any type of printmaking, after an initial set of prints is made and the block or plate is destroyed, the set of prints is referred to as:
an edition
Before a zinc or copper plate is placed in an acid bath to be etched, it has first been coated with an acid resistant substance called a _________.
ground
Which process best describes intaglio printing?
The area that prints is below the surface of the plate.
Four types of relief printmaking process are:
RELIEF, SERIGRAPHY, LITHOGRAPHY, & INTAGLIO