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36 terms

Colonial and Revolutionary America

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Columbian Exchange
The exchange of plants, animals and ideas between Native Americans and Europeans
Mercantilism
an economic system (Europe in 18th C) to increase a nation's wealth by government regulation of all of the nation's commercial interests
Half-way covenant
Puritans established this to ease requirements for church membership.
Enlightenment
movement during the 1700's that spread the idea that knowledge, reason, and science could improve society
Deism
Religious belief that says God created the world and lets it run itself by natural law
1st great Awakening
a series of religious revivals among Protestants in the American colonies
Mayflower compact
1620 - The first agreement for self-government in America. It was signed by the 41 men on the Mayflower and set up a government for the Plymouth colony.
Separatists
Pilgrims that live in Plymouth believed that the church of England can not be reformed.
Non-Separatists
Puritans that lived in Massachusetts Bay. They adopt the reforms to purify the church of Enlgand
Cambridge Agreement
1629 - The Puritan stockholders of the Massachusetts Bay Company agreed to emigrate to New England on the condition that they would have control of the government of the colony.
Congregational church
a Protestant denomination holding that each individual congregation should be self-governing
Thomas Hooker
"Father of democracy"
Bacon's Rebellion
A rebellion lead by Nathaniel Bacon with backcountry farmers to attack Native Americans in an attemp to gain more land
Roger williams
Fought for religious freedom and Founded Rhode Island.
Georgia
Founded to provide refuge for English debtors.
Proprietary colony
colony run by individuals or groups to whom land was granted
William Penn
Englishman and Quaker who founded the colony of Pennsylvania
Navigation Acts
Laws passed by the British to control colonial trade
French indian war
a war in North America between France and Britain (both aided by Indian tribes).
Proclamation of 1765
Avoid conflict between the Indians and British colonists seeking inexpensive land.
Stamp Act
A tax that the British Pariliament placed on newspapers and official documents sold in the American Colonies
The Coercive Acts
Parliaments angry response to the Boston tea party. Designed to punish Massachusetts and Boston for rebellion.
Common sense
a pamphlet written by Thomas Paine that claimed the colonies had a right to be an independent nation
The Declaration of independence
The statement agreed by the Continental Congress 1776 proclaiming the freedom and independence of thirteen British colonies in North America and announcing the creation of the United States of America.
The battle of Saratoga
Battle between colonists and British army. This convinced that French government to aid America and declare war on Britian.
The treaty of Paris
1783 Established America's new boundaries.
The Articles of Confederation
America's first constitution which provided for a new central government with limited powers. Its weakness was the lack of authority to tax and the lack to exercise authority directly over the states.
Shay's rebellion
was led by Daniel Shays it was a protest against the land being taken away and the taxes that they had just worked so hard to get rid of
The federal Constitution
a series of compromises that created the United States Government.
Federalist papers
Series of essays that defended the Constitution and tried to reassure Americans that the states would not be overpowered by the federal government.
Anti-Federalists
people who opposed the Constitution
Patrick Henry
" Give me liberty or give me death"
Declaratory Act
Anything colonists did were non excistent, had to depend of royal government.
indentured servitude
person who agreed to work for a colonial employer for a specified time in exchange for passage to america.
Whigs
who stated that a good government mainly left people alone and that government should not be allowed to encroach on people's liberties and on their property.
Townshend act
a law by the British Parliament which states the colonists had to pay a tax on products such as lead, glass, tea, paper and paints