Upgrade to remove ads
Carter Gooding Questions
Terms in this set (21)
Good morning Dr. Gooding. Could you please introduce yourself to the jury?
Certainly. Good morning. My name is Carter Gooding. I am a professional entomologist, which is a person who studies insects.
Dr. Gooding, read some of your credentials out loud for us.
Well, I was educated at Purdue University. I received a bachelor's degree in biological engineering, and received two minors in architectural engineering and crop science. I furthered my education in entomology and received a masters degree and a Ph.D. at Purdue. I got a job for the FBI, first working in their national crime lab, then working on an evidence response team, which is a team of forensic scientists that are responsible for on site forensic analysis and such. I am currently a private forensic entomologist and am also a professor of entomology at Purdue.
Dr. Gooding, why are you here to testify today?
I am a member of the american forensic entomologist consultancy, which you have probably never heard of before. Essentially, we are a group of forensic entomologists who have been given permission to testify in court as entomological experts. I was called by the AFEC hotline asking if I wanted to take this job, and I agreed.
When did you arrive on the Utopia University Campus?
I arrived on September 17, two days after the crime had occurred.
What was the first thing you did?
Well I noticed movement in the damaged area of the Paifang, so I grabbed a ladder and started climbing up.
Given your architectural expertise, how would you describe the level of sturdiness of the gate?
Considering its age it was in very decent shape.
What were your observations upon climbing the Paifang?
>I noticed a colony of termites where the structure had broken.
Now what sort of termites are we talking about here?
>This is a formosan subterranean termite, one of the most destructive sub-species of termite. A typical eastern subterranean termite colony might destroy 5 grams of wood a day, which is the same amount as a teaspoon of sugar. An FST colony can destroy 400 grams of wood a day, which is almost a pound.
Are these insects common in Utopia?
>Not at all; in fact, they've never been reported in utopia before. A large part of this is due to the fact that FST eggs will not hatch in temperatures below room temperature, which basically limits them to areas south of 35 degrees north latitude. Utopia's southernmost point is 350 miles north of that limit. Therefore, it's virtually impossible for the species to have migrated to the Paifang on its own.
What is the chance that these super termites might have been already present in the Paifang arch when it was donated to the university, and only now came out of dormancy?
>The scientific evidence for dormancy lasting 10 years is very, very thin and the few papers that support it have no scientific backing. Dormancy to that extent has only been done in perfect lab conditions. The extremely variant climate at UU ruled out the possibility of dormancy. And even if they were dormant, some radical environmental change would be needed to trigger their awakening, and after verifying with the National Weather Service, I found that there had been no such change.
Is it possible that a rival college could have planted them there in spite?
>Possible, maybe. Plausible, certainly not.
What was the only other plausible conclusion?
>That someone intentionally planted the termites in the gate.
How did you decide to investigate the termites?
>Got permission from Rebecca Gordon (UU President) to search the entomology lab. The labs FST colony was half-empty, with no records to show where they went. The supervisor of the lab, Morgan McCabe, said this was because of a bacterial disease, but that seemed unlikely and McCabe was more an administrator of the lab than an expert in entomology. Had the Utopia City Police and Department of Agriculture conduct an audit.
What other things were missing from the lab?
>At least half of the colony of formosan termites was missing, along with a missing explanation for the disappearance in the lab notes. Some records regarding the bedbug lab were also missing, and several missing chemicals. There were also no records of the number of insect modular transport systems, or insect carriers, they are required to have, so it is quite possible some of those were missing too.
Could the missing FST super termites have been carried out in one of these modular insect transport systems?
>yes, that is their purpose.
What kind of chemicals were missing?
>chemicals that could be used as synthetic insect pheromones. These pheromones can make specific species of insects behave in certain ways, controlling what they do. One of them was a bedbug pheromone, which attracts bedbugs to the spot of the pheromones. I didn't recognize other chemicals, so I contacted Christiana Kasko, an FST expert. She had peer review an article written at Utopia a while back which theorized a path to a similar pheromone to use on FSTs. She said it is very possible that Utopia University could already have made this pheromone and simply not have shared it with the world.
Were any chemicals recovered from the site?
>Well, one of the chemicals is water soluble, and the other evaporates very quickly, so it would be very hard to recover anything at all.
Were there any genetic tests run on the termites?
>Yes, I and an independent entomologist ran tests to determine if the termites found on site were the same genetically as the ones in the lab, and they were indeed a genetic match.
What are the odds the colony of termites were already in the gate based on the genetic data?
>About a million to one.
What struck you as odd about the FST behavior?
>The termites were all super densely packed into a certain location in the gate. Normally FST colonies expand and travel along the food sources, but this colony seemed to be attracted to just the one spot, tremendously weakening the Paifang there. This is typically characteristic of something that would happen with the use of pheromones. Occasionally termites just happen to find certain parts of wood very tasty for reasons unknown, but again, that happens very rarely.
What is your expert opinion on this case?
>I can state within a reasonable degree of scientific certainty that the wood of the Paifang was indeed significantly weakened by an FST infestation. They were introduced by an outside factor. Also, the localized, compact nature of the massive colony is most likely a result of a synthetic pheromone. The termites weakened the gate to an extremely dangerous degree.
YOU MIGHT ALSO LIKE...
APES Ch. 8 Critical Thinking
OTHER SETS BY THIS CREATOR
fren203 chapter 9
fren203 chapter 8
french 203 chapter 3