45 terms

Common assessment study quide

STUDY
PLAY
Direct characterization
Writer tells the audience what the characters personality is like: cruel, kind, etc.
Indirect characterization
Reader must decide what a character is like, based on the evidence the writer provides
Protagonist
Main character In a fiction or drama
Plot
Planned series of events organized around conflict
Exposistion
Opening of the story when the setting is established, information given about characters and their situation-conflict
Rising action
Series of events that build towards the greatest point of action
Climax
Turning point where action peaks
Falling action
The events following the climax
Resolution/denouement
Explains how conflict is resolved
Symbol
A person place thing or event that has meaning in itself and and that stands for something more important than itself-an Idea or convept
Internal conflict
Struggle or battle between two opposing forces or characters
External conflict
Struggle with a force outside oneself
Theme
Central idea in a work of literature
1st person POV
The writer tells the story as he/she experiences it. "I" narrator
3rd person limited POV
The narrator does not take part in the action
3rd person omniscent
The narrator knows everything there is to know about the characters and is not in the story
Foreshadow
The use of clue to hint at events that will occur later in a plot
Imagery
Language that appeals to the senses
Epic
Long story told in elevated language (usually poetry) which relates the great deeds of a hero who embodies the values of a particular story
Setting
The time and place of a story
Simile
A comparison of two things using like, as or than
Metaphor
A direct comparison between two unlike things (Juliet is the sun)
Analyze
To study closely and carefully, to learn the nature and relationship of the parts of something by examination
Audience
The people who watch, read, or listen to something
Cite
To mention especially as an example of to support and idea or opinion. To give credit to a source
Coherent
Logical and well organized, easy to understand
Connotative
To convey in addition to exact explicit meaning
Denotative
Explicit, literal meaning, dictionary definiton
Figurative
Nonliteral language that expresses ideas in interesting ways
Formal tone
Establish the writers respect for the audience and suggests that the writer is serious about his or her topic
Genre
A category of artistic, musical, or literary composition characterized by a particular style, form or content
Informal tone
A casual tone of writing, such as use of slang, figures of speech, broken syntax, etc
Summary
A brief statement or account of the main points of something
Purpose
The reason why something is done or used: the aim or intention of something
Textual evidence
Evidence used to support an argument/position l, and is derived from a text
Clarify
To make (an idea, statement, etc.) clear or intelligible
Cohesion
A characteristic of writing that creates clear and logical relationships among ideas in a text created through a texts organization, use of repetitive structures and transnational words and expressions
Context
The parts of a sentence immediately next to or surrounding a specified word or passage and determining it exact meaning
Evaluate
To think carefully about something before making a judgement about its value, importance of quality
Evidence
The available body of facts or information indicating whether a belief or proposition is true or valid
Inquiry
The act of asking questions in order to gather or collect information
Plagiarism
An act of instance of using or closely imitating the language and thoughts of another author without authorization and the representation of that authors work by not crediting the original author
Paraphrase
Express the meaning of using different words, especially to achieve greater clarity
Sufficient
Enough to meet the needs of a situation or a proposed end
Transistion
Words or phrases that contribute to the overall cohesion of a text that show how ideas within a paragraph relate to one another
YOU MIGHT ALSO LIKE...