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23 terms

Sharia Law

God's Law. Islamic Law
STUDY
PLAY
Sharia
Islamic Law. Sources: Qur'an and Hadiths. Entire body of laws that guides believers in this life. No gambling. No intoxicants. No usury.
Ulama
Educated person. like PhD in religious school. Specializes in specific area of sharia law. i.e judge or important civic or religious leader. Qualified for various roles in Muslim society.
Mullah
Like ulama but in more economic challenged areas. Not as much training but the most trained they have available to them. Some training. Considered local experts. Muslim law interpretator
Mutazillites
One of the first intellectual movements, 8th century school. Rationalism. Tried to answer several perplexing questions like the ultimate origin of nature.
Paradise
Theme in art.
Persian Miniatures
Small paintings of parsonages and activities commissioned by Persian court. topics were usually secular.
Hadiths
Recollections. Narrative of sayings or rituals of Muhammad. Remembrances of Muhammad's words or actions. How he lived his life.
Fiqh
Islamic juris prudence
Halal
Lawful. Permissible.
Harma
Anything prohibited by Islamic Law. Punishable.
Dietary Restrictions
Not full kosher, but no pork. Animals/meat prepared a certain way. No wine, no alcohol.
Prohibition Against Usury and Gambling
No interest on loans. Gambling is a wast of time and money.
Male Circumcision
Age 8. Sharia Law.
Female Circumcision
At puberty. Not Sharia Law. Local custom.
Marriage
Arranged because of local custom. Not Sharia law. Husband's age 1/2+7 years for age of wife. Can be dissolved by husband or wife.
Talaq
Husband divorce. Says "talaq" three times. Must live together with no sex for three cycles. Gives back dowry. Can only be divorced three times. After that, must remarry to someone else before remarrying original spouse again.
Khul
Wife divorce. Requires a reason and paperwork to the ulama or mulah. Abandons dowry.
Polygny
Multiple wives. Up to four, if you can afford them. Not widely practiced.
Hijab
Women's head scarf
Burqa
Large robes. Obscures figure. Sometimes worn by choice.
Purdah
Local practice in India. Not Sharia law. Segregated households.
Half a Man
Women must take a witness to enter into a contract.
Half an Inheritance
Women only receive 1/2 what their male counterparts would receive. Males have more financial responsibilities.....