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use of psychological techniques to treat emotional, behavioral, and interpersonal problems
treatment that draws on techniques from different forms of therapy, depending on the client and the problem
explores childhood events and encourages individuals to develop insight into their psychological problems
a reluctance to cooperate with treatment for fear of confronting unpleasant unconscious material
analyst begins to assume a major significance in the client's life and the client reacts to the analyst based on unconscious childhood fantasies
use of medications and other medical therapies to treat the symptoms associated with psychological disorders
spontaneous report of all mental images, thoughts, feelings as a way of revealing unconscious conflicts
dreams are the "royal road to unconscious", interpretation often reveals unconscious conflicts
normal and abnormal behavior is learned; use classical and operant conditioning to change maladaptive behaviors
clients are given tokens for desired behaviors, which they can later trade for rewards
confronting an emotion-arousing stimulus directly and repeatedly, leading to a decrease in the emotional response
a client relaxes all muscles while imagining being in increasingly frightening situations
teaches clients to question automatic beliefs that often lead to negative emotions and to replace negative thinking with more realistic and positive beliefs
teaches individual to be fully present in each moment, be aware of thoughts, and detect symptoms before they become a problem
all individuals have a tendency toward growth and it can be facilitated by acceptance and genuine reactions from the therapist
effective only against positive symptoms of schizophrenia and related psychotic disorders, alter brain dopamine levels
antianxiety medicine that may take a few weeks to work, does not reduce alertness; Buspar
induces a mild seizure by delivering an electrical shock to the brain, used for severe depression
transcranial magnetic stimulation
places a powerful pulsed magnet over a person's scalp, which alters neuronal activity in the brain
nonspecific treatment effects
not related to specific mechanisms by which treatment is supposed to be working
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