How can we help?

You can also find more resources in our Help Center.

424 terms

Medical Terminology: Combining Forms, Prefixes, and Suffixes

Medical Terminology: Combining Forms, Prefixes, and Suffixes
STUDY
PLAY
abdomin/o
abdomen, abdominal cavity
acr/o
extremities, height
aden/o
adenoids
adren/o, adrenal/o
adrenal gland
albumin/o
albumin
alveol/o
alveolus
amni/o, amnion/o
amnion
andr/o
male
angi/o
vessel
ankyl/o
crooked, stiff, bent
an/o
anus
anter/o
front
antr/o
antrum
aort/o
aorta
aponeur/o
aponeurosis
appendic/o
appendix
arche/o
first, beginning
arteri/o
artery
arthr/o
joint
atel/o
imperfect, incomplete
ather/o
yellowish, fatty plaque
atri/o
atrium
aur/i, aur/o
ear
aut/o
self
azot/o
urea, nitrogen
balan/o
glans penis
bi/o
life
blast/o
developing cell
blephar/o
eyelid
bronch/i, bronchi/o
bronchus
burs/o
bursa (cavity)
calc/i
calcium
capn/o
cancer
capn/o
carbon dioxide
carcin/o
cancer
cardi/o
heart
carp/o
carpals (wrist bones)
caud/o
tail (downwards)
cec/o
cecum
celi/o
abdomen (abdominal cavity)
cephal/o
head
cerebell/o
cerebellum
cerebr/o
cerebrum, brain
cervic/o
cervix
cheil/o
lip
chlor/o
green
cholangi/o
bile duct
chol/e
gall, bile
choledoch/o
common bile duct
chondr/o
cartilage
chori/o
chorion
chrom/o
color
clavic/o, clavicul/o
clavicle (collarbone)
cochle/o, cocle/o
cochlea
col/o, colon/o
colon
colp/o
vagina
coni/o
dust
conjunctiv/o
conjunctiva
cor/o
pupil
core/o
cornea
corne/o
pupil
cortic/o
cortex (outer layer of body organ)
cost/o
rib
crani/o
cranium (skull)
cry/o
cold
crypt/o
hidden
culd/o
cul-de-sac
cutane/o
skin
cyan/o
blue
cyst/o
bladder, sac
cyt/o
cell
dacry/o
tear, tear duct
dermat/o, derm/o
skin
diaphragmat/o
diaphragm
dipl/o
two, double
dips/o
thirst
disk/o
intervertebral disk
dist/o
away (from the point of attachment of a body part)
diverticul/o
diverticulum
dors/o
back
duoden/o
duodenum
dur/o
hard, dura mater
ech/o
sound
electr/o
electricity, electrical activity
embry/o
embryo, to be full
encephal/o
brain
endocrin/o
endocrine
enter/o
intestine
epididym/o
epididymis
epiglott/o
epiglottis
episi/o
vulva
epitheli/o
epithelium
erythr/o
red
esophag/o
esophagus
esthesi/o
sensation, sensitivity, feeling
eti/o
cause (of disease)
femor/o
femur (upper leg bone)
fet/i, fet/o
fetus, unborn child
fibr/o
fiber
fibul/o
fibula (lower leg bone)
gangli/o, ganglion/o
ganglion
gastr/o
stomach
gingiv/o
gum
gli/o
glia
glomerul/o
glomerulus
gloss/o
tongue
glyc/o, glycos/o
sugar
gno/o
knowledge
gravid/o
pregnancy
gynec/o, gyn/o
woman
hemat/o, hem/o
blood
hepat/o
liver
herni/o
hernia
heter/o
other
hidr/o
sweat
hist/o
tissue
humer/o
humerus (upper arm bone)
hydr/o
water
hymen/o
hymen
hyster/o
uterus
iatr/o
medicine, physician, treatment
ile/o, ili/o
ileum
infer/o
below
irid/o, ir/o
iris
ischi/o
ischium
isch/o
deficiency, blockage
jejun/o
jejunum
kal/i
potassium
kary/o
nucleus
kerat/o
cornea, horny tissue, hard
kinesi/o
movement, motion
kyph/o
hump
labyrinth/o
labyrinth, inner ear
lacrim/o
tear duct, tear
lact/o
milk
lamin/o
lamina (thin, flat plate or layer)
lapar/o
abdomen, abdominal cavity
laryng/o
larynx (voice box)
later/o
side
lei/o
smooth
leuk/o
white
lingu/o
tongue
lip/o
fat
lith/o
stone, calculus
lob/o
lobe
lord/o
bent forward
lumb/o
loin (or lumbar region of the spine)
lymphaden/o
lymph node
lymph/o
lymph, lymph tissue
mamm/o, mast/o
breast
mandibul/o
mandible (lower jawbone)
mastoid/o
mastoid
maxill/o
maxilla (upper jawbone)
meat/o
meatus (opening)
melan/o
black
meningi/o, mening/o
meninges
menisc/o
meniscus (crescent)
men/o
menstruation
ment/o
mind
metr/i
uterus
metr/o
uterus
mon/o
one, single
muc/o
mucus
myc/o
fungus
myel/o
bone marrow, spinal cord
my/o, myos/a
muscle
myring/o
eardrums
nas/o
nose
nat/o
birth
necr/o
death (cells, body)
nephr/o
kidney
neur/o
nerve
noct/i
night
ocul/o
eye
olig/o
scanty, few
omphal/o
umbilicus, navel
onc/o
tumor, mass
onych/o
nail
oophor/o
ovary
ophthalm/o
eye
opt/o
vision
orchid/o, orchi/o, orch/o
testis, testicle
organ/o
organ
or/o
mouth
orth/o
straight
oste/o
bone
ot/o
ear
ox/i, ox/o
oxygen
pachy/o
thick
palat/o
palate
pancreat/o
pancreas
parathyroid/o
parathyroid gland
par/o, part/o
bear, give birth to, labor,
patell/o
patella (kneecap)
path/o
disease
pelv/i, pelv/o
pelvis, pelvic bone
perine/o
perineum
peritone/o
peritoneum
petr/o
stone
phalang/o
phalanx (finger or toe bone)
pharyng/o
pharynx (throat)
phas/o
speech
phleb/o
vein
phon/o
sound
phot/o
light
phren/o
diaphragm
pituitar/o
pituitary
plasm/o
plasma
pleur/o
pleura
pne
breathing
pneumat/o, pneum/o, pneumon/o
lung, air
poli/o
gray matter
polyp/o
polyp, small growth
poster/o
back, behind
prim/i
first
proct/o
rectum
prostat/o
prostate gland
proxim/o
near (the point of attachment of a body part)
pseud/o
false
pysch/o
mind
pub/o
pubis
puerper/o
childbirth
pulmon/o
lung
pupill/o
pupil
pyel/o
renal pelvis
pylor/o
pylorus
py/o
pus
quadr/i
four
rachi/o
spinal or vertebral column
radic/o, radicul/o
nerve root
radi/o
radius (lower arm bone)
rect/o
rectum
ren/o
kidney
retin/o
retina
rhabd/o
rod-shaped, striated
rhin/o
nose
rhiz/o
nerve root
rhytid/o
wrinkles
sacr/o
sacrum
salping/o
uterine (fallopian) tube
sarc/o
flesh, connective tissue
scapul/o
scapula (shoulder bone)
scler/o
sclera
scoli/o
crooked, curved
seb/o
sebum (oil)
sept/o
septum
sial/o
saliva
sigmoid/o
sigmoid
sinus/o
sinus
somat/o
body
somn/o
sleep
son/o
sound
sperm/o, spermat/o
spermatozoan, sperm
spir/o
breath, breathing
splen/o
spleen
spondyl/o
vertebra
staped/o
stapes (middle ear bone)
staphyl/o
grapelike clusters
stern/o
sternum (breastbone)
stomat/o
mouth
steat/o
fat
strept/o
twisted chains
super/o
above
synovi/o
synovia, synovial membrane
system/o
system
tars/o
tarsals (ankle bones)
tendin/o, tend/o, ten/o
tendon
terat/o
malformation (monster)
test/o
testis, testicle
therm/o
heat
thorac/o
thorax (chest)
thromb/o
clot
thym/o
thymus gland
thyroid/o, thyr/o
thyroid gland
tibi/o
tibia (lower leg bone)
tom/o
cut, section
ton/o
tension, pressure
tonsillo/o
tonsil
trache/o
trachea (windpipe)
trachel/o
cervix
trich/o
hair
tympan/o
eardrum, middle ear
uln/o
ulna (lower arm bone)
ungu/o
nail
ureter/o
ureter
urethr/o
urethra
ur/o, urin/o
urine, urinary tract
uter/o
uterus
uvul/o
uvula
vagin/o
vagina
valv/o, valvul/o
valve
vas/o
vessel, duct
ven/o
vein
ventricul/o
ventricle
ventr/o
belly front
vertebr/o
vertebra
vesic/o
bladder, sac
vesicul/o
seminal vesicles
vestibul/o
vestibule
viscer/o
internal organs
vulv/o
vulva
xanth/o
yellow
xer/o
dry
a-
without, absence of
an-
without, absence of
ante-
before
bi-, bin-
two
brady-
slow
dia-
through, complete
dys-
painful, abnormal, difficult, labored
endo-
within
epi-
on, upon, over
eu-
normal, good
hemi-
half
hyper-
above, excessive
hypo-
below, incomplete, deficient
inter-
between
intra-
within
meta-
after, beyond, change
micro-
small
multi-
many
neo-
new
nulli-
none
pan-
all, total
para-
beside, beyond, around, abnormal
per-
through
peri-
surrounding (outer)
poly-
many, much
poly-
after
post-
after
pre-, pro-
before
sub-
under, below
supra-
above
sym-, syn-
together, joined
tachy-
fast, rapid
trans-
through, across, beyond
uni-
one
-a
no meaning
-ac, -al, -ar, -ary, -eal, -ial, -ic, -ior, -ous
pertaining to
-ad
toward
-algia
pain
-amnios
amniotic fluid, amnion
-apheresis
removal
-asthenia
weakness
-atresia
absence of a normal body opening, occlusion, closure
-cele
hernia, protrusion
-centesis
surgical puncture to aspirate fluid
-clasia, -clasis, -clast
break
-coccus (pl. cocci)
berry-shaped (a form of bacterium)
-cyesis
pregnancy
-cyte
cell
-desis
surgical fixation, fusion
-drome
run, running
-ectasis
stretching out, dilatation, expansion
-ectomy
excision, surgical removal
-emia
blood condition
-esis
condition
-gen
substance or agent that produces or causes
-genesis
origin, cause
-genic
producing, originating, causing
-gram
record, radiographic image
-graph
instrument used to record; record
-graphy
process of recording, radiographic imaging
-ia
diseased or abnormal state, condition of
-iasis
condition
-iatrist
specialist, physician
-iatry
treatment, specialty
-ictal
seizure, attack
-is
no meaning
-ism
state of
-itis
inflammation
-logist
one who studies and treats, specialist, physician
-logy
study of
-lysis
loosening, dissolution, separating
-malacia
softening
-megaly
enlargement
-meter
instrument used to measure
-metry
pain
-odynia
pain
-oid
resembling
-oma
tumor, swelling
-opia
vision (condition)
-opsy
view of, viewing
-osis
abnormal condition (means increase when used with blood cell word roots)
-paresis
slight paralysis
-partum
childbirth, labor
-pathy
disease
-penia
abnormal reduction (in number)
-pepsia
digestion
-pexy
surgical fixation, suspension
-phagia
eating, swallowing
-phobia
abnormal fear of or aversion to specific things
-physis
growth
-plasia
condition of formation, development, growth
-plasm
growth, substance, formation
-plasty
surgical repair
-plegia
paralysis
-poiesis
formation
-ptosis
drooping, sagging, prolapse
-rrhagia
rapid flow of blood
-rrhaphy
suturing, repairing
-rrhea
flow, discharge
-rrhexis
rupture
-salpinx
uterine (fallopian) tube
-sarcoma
malignant tumor
-schisis
split, fissure
-sclerosis
hardening
-scope
instrument used for visual examination
-scopic
pertaining to visual examination
-scopy
visual examination
-sis
state of
-spasm
sudden, involuntary muscles contraction
-stasis
control, stop, standing
-stenosis
constriction or narrowing
-stomy
creation of an artificial opening
-thorax
chest
-tocia
birth, labor
-tome
instrument used to cut
-tomy
cut into or incision
-tripsy
surgical crushing
-trophy
nourishment, development
-um
no meaning
-uria
urine, urination
-us
no meaning