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Fundamentals of Nursing Chapter 18: Hygiene and Care of the Patient's Environment

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Hygiene
the science of health
Personal hygiene
the self-care measures people use to maintain their health
Medical asepsis
hygienic practices tend to promote this; aka the clean technique
Factors that influence patient's personal hygiene?
social practices, body image, socioeconomic status, knowledge, personal preference, physical condition, and cultural variables
Pathogenic
disease-producing microorganisms
Vertigo
dizziness
Syncope
fainting
Febrile
condition characterized by an elevated body temperature
Canthus
corner of the eye
Axilla
underarm area or the armpit
Umbilicus
the depressed point in the middle of the abdomen
Perineum
the genital area
Why are the lower extremities never massaged?
prevents a possible embolus(moving blood clot)
Shearing force
tissue layers of skin slide on each other causing subcutaneous blood vessels to kink or stretch and results in an interruption of blood flow to the skin
Friction
the rubbing of skin against another surface; may remove layers of tissue
Patients at risk for pressure sores
are ill, debilitated, older, disabled, incontinent, and have spinal cord injuries, limited mobility or poor overall nutrition
Suspected deep tissue injury
localized purple or maroon area of intact skin or a blood-filled blister
Stage 1 pressure ulcer
intact skin with nonblanchable redness
Stage 2 pressure ulcer
partial thickness loss of dermis; shallow/open ulcer usually shiny or dry without slough or bruising
Stage 3 pressure ulcer
full thickness tissue loss in which subcutaneous fat is sometimes visible but bone, tendon, and muscle are not exposed
Stage 4 pressure ulcer
full thickness tissue loss with exposed bone, tendon, or muscle; often inlcudes undermining or tunneling
Unstageable pressure ulcer
full thickness tissue loss, a wound base cover by slough and/or eschar in the wound bed that will usually be tan, brown, or black
Oral hygiene
care of the oral cavity
Dentures
a set of artificial teeth not permanently fixed or implanted
Patients at Risk for Oral Disorders
lack of knowledge about oral hygiene, inability to perform oral hygiene etc.
Anticoagulants
medications that increase the tendency to bleed
Circumorbital
circular area around the eye
Cerumen
wax
Chux
waterproof pads
Bedpan
device for receiving feces or urine from either male or female patients confined to bed
Urinal
a device for collecting urine from male patients; urinals for females are also available
Two types of bed pans
regular and fracture