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(UG)U2: 8 What Were the Articles of Confederation, and Why did Some Founders Want to Change Them?
Terms in this set (8)
Articles of Confederation
- June 7th, 1776 Second Continental Congress; Richard Lee
- The ideas that the founders had for government, used until the Constitution was created.
A form of political organization in which the sovereign states combine for certain specified purposes, such as mutual defense. Member states can leave a confederation at any time. The United States was a confederation from 1776 to 1789.
- An armed revolt by Massachusetts farmers seeking relief from debt and mortgage foreclosures. The rebellion fueled support for amending the Articles of Confederation
1. Why did the articles of confederation create only a legislative branch of government? How did the Articles of Confederation deal with fears that some states would dominate others in national government?
- Due to the experience that governed by British, people afraid of a strong central government
- Each state have one vote in Congress; to make a decision 90% of the states have to agree on; ratify the Articles of Confederation have to have all states agree on; each individual state take care their own people, don't need to play taxes to the central govern't, regulate their own trade.
2. What were some achievements of the national government under the Articles of Confederation? What were some of the weaknesses of the articles of confederation?
Achievements: 1.Success of the Revolutionary War; 2.a executive departments that able to administer finance, foreign relations and affairs; 3.Northwest Ordinance of 1787 - created the north west territory and a plan for its government;
Weaknesses: 1.no power to tax; 2.no power to force the agreement that made with foreign nation; 3.no power to make laws regulating trade among the states; 4.no power to make laws directly regulating the behavior of citizens
3. What was Shays' Rebellion? Why did it occur? What was its historical importance?
- 1786-1787 An armed revolt by Massachusetts farmers seeking relief from debt and mortgage foreclosures.
- Soldiers who served in the Revolutionary War bankrupt because they didn't get paid from the National government, all that caused by the states government didn't pay tax to the National government for war.
- it shows that the Articles of Confederation were not working well, and people need a stronger central government
4. What were positive and negative consequences of a limited national government? Which Americans were satisfied with government under the Articles of Confederation? Why?
- In some sense, the states would have more freedom, each states have their own ability to make their own laws, trade, and tax; however, each state would be selfish and make law only favor themselves. Although the central government could make laws, but they can't enforce the laws.
- People who have power in the states government, or business favored by the state government, because the state law-makers would souly make law that benefit themselves
5. Compare the government under the Articles of Confederation with a contemporary confederation of nations, such as the United Nations, the European Union, the Organization of American States, or the Organization of African States. In what ways are they similar? In what ways are they different?
- can't collect taxes, sometime, it's hard to enforce the laws, like UN have hard time to apply all of the agreement on every county; mostly voluntary
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