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5 Written questions

5 Matching questions

  1. propofol
  2. buspirone
  3. meperidine
  4. detomidine
  5. norepinephrine
  1. a Demerol mu agonist rarely used controlled
  2. b adrenergic catecholamine neurotransmitter raises BP
  3. c Dormosedan an adrenergic alpha 2 agonist AKA sympathomimetic can cause sweating, muscle tremors, penile prolapse, low HR, BP, and AV block for horses sedation, analgesia, emesis, chemical restraint, and short term anesthesia when combod better rear limb analgesia than xylazine
  4. d Propoflo and Rapinovet very short acting anesthetic/hypnotic rapid and smooth anesthesia emulsion of soybean oil, glycerol, egg, and lechtin no preservatives use w/in 6 hours only milky IV drug allowed "milk of amnesia" good for sight hounds and patients w/ arrhythmias unlike thiopental not controlled yet can cause apnea if given too fast new propofol 28 clear not milky good for 28 days
  5. e Buspar an azopirone not commonly used acts partially on serotonin for urine spraying, fear, anxiety may make animals more affectionate to people but more aggressive with same species housemates

5 Multiple choice questions

  1. Dibenzyline an alpha blocker AKA adrenergic antagonist AKA sympatholytic decreases urethral sphincter tone in cats after removing obstruction and for laminitis in horses
  2. Metofane liquid inhalant anesthetic no longer available used in non-precision vaporizer (bottle w/a wick) high blood:gas solubility = long induction/recovery time high lipid solubility = retained in fat metabolized by liver and kidneys kidney toxicity risk preservative makes machine valves sticky
  3. Valium a benzodiazepine tranquilizer light sensitive controlled drug can absorb into IV bag cats can experience rare liver DX also to stop seizure in progress and stimulate appetite in cats used with ketamine to induce anesthesia
  4. a beta blocker AKA adrenergic antagonist AKA sympatholytic eye drops prevent glaucoma in contralateral eye by decreasing aqueous humor production
  5. Tolazine an alpha blocker AKA adrenergic antagonist AKA sympatholytic reversal for xylazine reverses analgesia too!

5 True/False questions

  1. fentanylDuragesic opioid agonist transdermal patch or injectable controlled for analgesia

          

  2. buprenorphineNeosynephrine an adrenergic agonist AKA sympathomimetic topical nasal vasoconstrictor to decrease nasal secretions (nosebleeds)

          

  3. naloxoneHalothane and Flouthane RED liquid inhalant anesthetic no longer available high vapor pressure(volatility) low solubility content some lipid solubility moderate MAC and rubber solubility preservative cause buildup in machine sensitizes heart to catecholamines and can cause arrhythmias like xylazine increases vagal tone = low RR possible hepatotoxicity risk since 25% goes to liver malignant hyperthermia risk in pigs mostly

          

  4. oxymorphoneRompun or Anased an adrenergic alpha 2 agonist AKA sympathomimetic sedative for horses in colic pain, floating teeth, hoof trims can cause low RR, HR, BP, and AV block (most arhythmogenic) for sedation, analgesia, emesis, chemical restraint, and short term anesthesia when combod w/ ketamine for sutures and castration cattle only need 1/10 dose

          

  5. nitrous oxidea direct acting cholinergic AKA parasypathomimetic eye drops glaucoma TX constricts pupil and lowers aqueous humor production to decrease IOP