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Arts and Humanities
LAVC Music 101 Intervals and Chords (Music 205)
Terms in this set (95)
A perfect inverval is the distance between the root of a major scale and the _______, _______, _______, or _________.
unison, 4th, 5th, or octave.
A major interval is the distance between the root of a major scale and the _______, _______, _______, or _________.
2nd, 3rd, 6th, or 7th
Two types of diatonic intervals are _____ and _____.
perfect and major
Transposition is when a melody is written in another _____.
A diminished interval occurs when a perfect or minor interval is made __________.
An augmented interval occurs when a major or perfect interval is made ______.
Minor, dimished, and augmented intervals are called ________ intervals.
The chromatic scale is made entirely of _____ ____ in consecutive order.
Intervals are called _______ when the notes are played separately.
Intervals are called _______ when the notes are played together.
_______ numbered intervals of 2nds, 4ths, 6ths, and octaves are written from line to space or space to line.
_______ numbered intervals of unisons, 3rds, 5ths, and 7ths are written from line to line or space to space.
A unison is also called a ______ interval
The distance in pitch between 2 notes.
How many tones are there in a chromatic scale?
The complete order of sharps in the key signature is
F C G D A E B
The complete order of FLATS in the key signature is
B E A D G C F
How many UNIQUE sounding major scales are there?
How many notes are there in a major scale
What is a TETRACHORD?
A series of four notes in alphabetical order having a pattern of WWH.
Each scale begins and ends on a note of the same name, called the
The tones of a scale are also called
degrees (or steps.)
Between which intervals do half steps occur in major scales?
Between the 3rd and 4th and the 7th and 8th scale degrees.
(scale degrees = notes)
The major scale consists of eight notes - two __________ joined by a whole step.
What is the second tetrachord of the C major scale?
What is the second tetrachord of the G major scale?
The second tetrachord of the C major scale is (which tetrachord of which scale?)
1st tetrachord of the G major scale.
The second tetrachord of the G major scale is (which tetrachord of which scale?)
1st tetrachord of the D major scale.
The 4th scale degree of the C major scale is the 1st ________________________.
1st scale degree of the F major scale.
The 4th scale degree of the F major scale is the 1st ________________________.
1st scale degree of the Bb major scale.
Starting with the C major scale, the _______ scale degree is always the __________ scale degree of the following flat scale.
4th, 1st ************RECHECK!!!
Another word for "scale degree" is
The perfect unison cannot be
diminished. It can only be augmented.
When the keynote and the upper note of an interval are NOT from the same major scale, it is called a
Minor, diminished, and augmented intervals are always ___________ intervals in major keys.
A ______ staff consists of the treble and bass clefs connected by braces.
Which are the perfect intervals?
P1, P4, P5, AND P8
Which are the major intervals
2nd, 3rd, 6th, and 7th
How many half steps are there in a perfect unison?
How many half steps are there in a min 2nd?
How many half steps are there in a maj 2nd?
How many half steps are there in a min 3rd?
How many half steps are there in a maj 3rd?
How many half steps are there in a perfect 4th?
What is a tritone?
A tritone is an interval that splits the octave in half. It is the base note played with the 6th half step.
How many half steps are there in a tritone?
How many half steps are there in a perfect 5th?
How many half steps are there in a min 6th?
How many half steps are there in a maj 6th?
How many half steps are there in a min 7th?
How many half steps are there in a maj 7th?
How many half steps are there in a perfect octave?
What is the difference between a diminished 2nd and a minor 2nd?
A diminished 2nd is lower than a minor 2nd.
In the scale of C major, which note is a tritone?
F# or its enharmonic equivalent, Gb.
What is a triad?
It is a 1-3-5 chord.
How many half-steps are there in a triad?
How is a triad composed?
major 3rd + minor 3rd
How is a minor triad composed?
minor 3rd + major 3rd
How is an augmented triad composed?
major 3rd + major 3rd
Explanation: In the case of the C major scale, C+E is a MAJOR 3rd, and (In the scale of E major,) E+G# is a MAJOR 3rd. E+G NATURAL is a MINOR 3rd.
How is a diminished triad composed?
minor 3rd + minor 3rd
2 minor 3rds in a row
What are 2 consecutive minor 3rds?
a diminished triad
What are 2 consecutive major 3rds?
an augmented triad
What is a minor 3rd followed by a major 3rd?
a minor triad
What is a major 3rd followed by a minor 3rd?
a major triad
What is the pattern of whole steps and half steps in a major scale?
What is the definition of diatonic?
Of or using only the seven tones of a standard scale without chromatic alterations.
Another word for relative minor is ____________.
How do you find the relative minor of a major scale?
Count up 6 notes, including the first note. You can also count down 3 notes including the first note of the major scale. When counting, you must include the accidentals of the major scale.
What is a triplet?
3 notes in the space of 2.
Which mark indicates syncopation?
Define "scale degree."
How do you find the relative major of a minor scale?
Count up 3, including the keytone.
Example: To find the relative major of Am, count A-B-C. C is the major scale relative to Am.
Are we to assume that an interval begins with a keynote?
A diminished 5th has how many half steps?
A major 7th has how many half steps?
A major second has how many half steps
A major sixth has how many half steps?
A major third has how many half steps
A minor 7th has how many half steps
A minor second has how many half steps
A minor sixth has how many half steps?
A minor third consists of how many half steps?
A perfect 4th has how many half steps?
A perfect 5th has how many half steps?
An augmented 5th has how many half steps?
Augmented 4th has how many half steps?
4 types of triads are:
Major, minor, augmented, diminished
Major triad = in intervals
R 3 5 (root, 3rd, 5th)
Minor triad = in intervals
R b3 5 (root, b3rd, 5th)
Augmented triad = in intervals
R 3 #5 (root, 3rd, #5th)
Diminished triad = in intervals
R b3 b5 (root, b3rd, b5th)
Major (in terms of thirds)
Maj 3 + min 3
Minor (in terms of thirds)
min 3 + Maj 3
Diminished (in terms of thirds)
min 3 + min 3
augmented (in terms of thirds)
Maj 3 + Maj 3
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