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25 terms

Medical Terminology and Body Systems - The Cell

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Chemicals
Make up the cell (oxygen, carbon, hydrogen)
Cell (Cyt/o)
The basic unit of life
Cellular Activity
Respiration - to breath
Metabolism - to eat
Reproduce - to live on
Cell Membrane
Part of the cell - outer covering
Nucleus
Part of the cell - controls the center
Cytoplasm
Part of the cell - provides protection
Protoplasm
Part of the cell - promotes fluid
Organelles
Part of the cell - lives in our DNA (tiny pieces of organs)
Mitochondria
Part of the cell - the powerhouse of the cell. Tells the cells where to go
Cell division
Reproduction of the cells
Mitosis
The different stages of a cell (IPMAT)
Interphase
Young, new cell
Prophase
Cell beginning to grow
Metaphase
Fully formed cell
Anaphase
Cells starting to split
Telephase
Process of splitting
Tissue (Hist/o)
A group of cells with a similar function
Epithelial tissue
Covers internal and external organs, moist, wet
Connective Tissue
Binds and supports, holds body together
Muscle Tissue
Heavy, thicker tissue, flexes and contracts
Nerve Tissue
Reacts to stimuli, touch
Membrane
Simplist form of tissue, very thin and porous, absorbs and secretes, mucus, pus, body fluid
Organs
Goups of tissue that performs, group of tissues that work together to perform closely realated functions
Systems
groups of organs working together to perform complex functions
Whole body
The complete human being