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federal gov and state gov have 2 House Representatives


meeting of party leaders


every 10 years, the Bureau of Census sends document of reapportionment to Congress, who tells the states the number of seats they have in the House


reducing boundary lines to give one pol party an advantage over the other


can't be touched


vote trading


more than half vote to gain victory


largest number of votes received by a candidate

Ear Marks/"Pork" Barrel

things that get added to a bill that have nothing to do with the bill; politics aimed at securing advantages for purely local and questionable purposes


redrawing of boundary lines of election districts so that legislative representation is redistributed


statement of opinion by legislative body

Simple Resolution

passed by either House or Senate

Joint Resolution

passed by both the House and Senate

Seniority Rule

however long a person has served in either the House or Senate; can help with Memberships

Session of Congress

2 Sessions: starts Jan 3rd, ends whenever they want

Term of Congress

1 Term = 2 Sessions

Conference Committee

if two different bills are sent to the Pres from the House ans Senate, conference com. created to discuss and create one version

Majority/Minority Leader

lead party on the floor, organize members for voting

Party Whip

assistant to majority/minority leaders

President Pro Tem

paid more than VP, does nothing, presides over Senate when VP cannot

Select/Special Committee

temporary committees to deal with specific issues not covered by other committees

Standing Committee

permanent committee, 19 in the House ans 17 in the Senate

Wesberry vs. Sanders (1964)

told Congress to make guidelines for redrawing boundary lines

Baker vs. Carr (1962)

courts looked at the plans of states for redrawing boundary lines

Steering Committee

provides guidance, direction and control to a project within Congress


the people that are represented

Quorum Call

called when thought there is not enough people on the floor, request of attendance to be taken

Congressional Record

word for word record of everything said on floor of House and Senate; things can be added in afterward, marked by a "."

20th Amendment

made the start of the Congress term January 3rd

Franking Privilege

free mailing for Congress

17th Amendment

Senators are elected by public (direct election)

Excise Tax

tax on sale or consumption of a product




told can't do something


Before 1913, Senators were elected by state politicians


new term, informal groups of individuals in the House and Senate who organize along a pol ideaology, advocacy, issue

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