Decolonization in India
Terms in this set (18)
Self-governance; self-determination; independence.
Pride in one's country or culture, often excessive in nature
British East India Company
A joint stock company that controlled most of India during the period of imperialism. This company controlled the political, social, and economic life in India for more than 200 years
Sepoy Mutiny (Rebellion)
The rebellion of Indian officers in the British army in 1857 against the British; as a result the British government took control of India away from the East India Company a year later
Indian National Congress
Nationalistic organization in India with the purpose of ending British control. Prominent members include Mohandas Gandhi and Jawaharlal Nehru.
Rowlatt Act of 1919
allowed the British to arrest and jail anyone they wish without trial if they are thought to be plotting against the British; passed to control public unrest and root out conspiracy in India
(1869-1948) Nationalist leader in India, who called for a non violent revolution to gain his country's freedom from the British Empire
in India, individuals who are at the bottom of or outside the Hindu caste system; they were given this name which means "Child of Hari/Vishnu" by the Indian Nationalist leader Mahatma Gandhi, who worked for many years to improve their lives
Nationalist movement in India by the Islamic population who did not feel represented by the Indian National Congress. They initially formed to protect Muslim rights, but later called for an independent state
Indian nationalist leader and the first prime minister of independent India from 1947 to 1964. Along with Mohandas Gandhi, he was instrumental in freeing India from Britain's control.
Mohammed Ali Jinnah
Indian lawyer and statesman; the leading force in the creation of a separate Muslim state in Pakistan when the British left India in 1948. He objected to the political domination of India by Hindus
April 3rd of 1919. British soldiers killed close to 400 unarmed Indian men, women, and children, and wounded 1,100 more. People had gathered in the center of town to protest British occupation of their country, and to demand equality. This was a turning point in British domination of India. Independence movements became very popular and eventually forced India's independence.
refusal to obey laws you believe are unjust
peaceful resistance to a government law by fasting or refusing to cooperate and accepting the consequences
led by Mahatma Gandhi and one of India's most famous boycotts; purpose was to urge his countrymen to boycott British textiles and instead wear khaddar or cloth made in India
(1930) Passive resistance campaign of Mohandas Gandhi where many Indians protested the British tax on salt by marching to the sea to make their own salt.
Country formed by the division of India after it gained independence from Great Britain (1947), in response to demands by Muslims for their own state
A division into parts, like the 1947 division of the British colony of India into nations of India and Pakistan.
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