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119 terms

Med term Ch. 5-8

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Muscle
Tissues consisting of cells that can contracts
Contract
Draw together or shorten
trophy
development nourishment
delt
triangle
oid
resembling
latissimusdorsi
wide
deltoid
shoulder muscle
ceps
head
brachi
arm
radi
radius
alis
pertaining to
duct
to lead
ad
toward
ab
away
Quadriceps femoris muscle
anterior thigh muscle with four heads
Quadriceps of the femur
Rectus femoris
vastus lateralis
vastus medialis
vastus intermedius
Hamstring group
Biceps femoris
semimembranosus
semitendinosus
gastrocnem
calf of the leg
ius
pertaining too
rehabilitation medicine
focus on function to maintain independence and a good quality of life
activities of daily living
eating, bathing, dressing,grooming, toileting, and transferring
mediastinum
area between lungs containing heart, aorta, venae, cavae, esophagus, and trachea
apex
pointed end or tip
endo
inside
um
structure
atrium
chamber where blood enters heart on both right and left side
ventricle
chamber of the heart that pumps blood
septum
wall dividing two cavities
cusp
point
tricuspid
three points or flaps on right side between
bicuspid
"mitral valve"
2 points or flaps on left side between atrium and ventricle
systole
contraction when blood is forced through the heart and circulatory system
dyatole
dilation of heart cavities during which they refill
gram
a record
graph
to record
a
without
dys
bad, difficult
bradi
slow, less that 60 bmp
tachy
rapid, faster than 100 bmp
murmur
heart valve that opens or closes abnormally
a fib ( atrial fibrillation)
the two atria quivering uncontrollably rather than contracting
palpitation
forcible or rapid beat of heart felt my patient
steno
narrow
sis
abnormal condition
incompetence
valve does not close completely and blood regurgitates through the valve
pericarditis
interfered with the ability of the heart to contract because the fluid builds up between the 2 layers of the pericardium
artheroma
fatty deposit and lining of an artery
arteriosclerosis
artery, hardness, abnormal condition
hardening of the arteries
angina pectoris
pain in the chest on exertion
myocardial infarction
heart attack
ishemia
lack of blood supply to a tissue
infarction
sudden blockage of artery
necr
death
necrosis
pathological death of cells or tissue
myocardial infarction
cornary arteries become blocked, the blood supply to a part of your cardiac muscle is cut off and the cells supplied to the artery die within minutes
thrombo-
clot
phleb-
vein
thrombo phlebitis
inflammation of the veins with formation of a clot
aneurysm
localized dilation of the artery
the raynaud disease
is a episode of a spasm (following exposure to a cold) to small arteries, hands and feet
carotid artery disease
plaques deposits can put patients at risk for stroke. bruit may be heard by auscultation
end-
within
endarterectomy
removal of plaque from an artery
hemo
blood
hemato
blood
plasma
91% of water
erythrocyte
red cell
hemoglobin
blood protein that transport oxygen, carborn dioxide, and nitr oxide
leukocyte
white blood cells active again infection
thrombocyte
blood clot, cell
anemia
blood condition
lysis
destruction
pallar
pale color
hypoxia
below normal oxygen condition
anoxia
without oxygen
penia
deficiency
pan
all
pancytopenia
deficiency of all blood types
coagul
clot, clump
coagulopathies
disorders of blood clotting
hemostatis
control of or stop bleeding
philia
attraction
vascul
blood vessel
thrombocytopenia
deficiency of platelets
purpura
bleeding into skin from small arterioles that produce larger individual lesions
petechiae
pin pointed red spots
embolus
attached piece of thrombus. that blocks foreign body that blocks blood vessel
hematoma
bruise
patho
disease
gen
produce, create , or form
spleen
largest lymphatic located in the LUQ
aden
gland
lymphaden
lymph nodes
lymphademia
tissues swelling due to lymphatic tissue
splen
spleen
megaly
enlargement
immunity
state of being able to resist a specific infectious disease
immunization
preventive method of stimulation immune system without exposing body to infection
autoimmune
immune reaction directed again persons own tissue
dormant
inactive
nosecomial
acquired while in hospital
inspiration
into, breath, action
espir
to breathe
olfac
smell
bradypnea
slow breathing
dyspnea
difficult breathing
eupnea
normal breathing
hypepnea
excessive breathing
tachypnea
rapid breathing
hemoptysis
blood spit
plumenoary emphysema
airway is enlarged or barrel chested
cystic fibrosis(cf)
thick bronchial secretion
hemothorax
blood in pleural cavity
pneumothorax
air in pleural cavity
centesis
to puncture
tomy
surgical incision
stomy
new opening
ator
person or thing that does something
ventil
wind