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57 terms

Medical Terminology Chapter 13

Respiratory system and pulmonology
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alveoli
spherical structures surrounded by capillaries through which )2 and CO2 exchange occurs
pneumono
combining form for lungs
pneumonorrhagia
hemorrhage of a lung
pneumonia
an acute inflammation of the lungs caused by a variety of bacteria, fungi and viruses
pneumonocentesis
surgical puncture of a lung
ectasia, ectasis
suffixes used to mean dilation and expansion
atelectasis
lung collapse
melano
combining form for black
pneumonomelanosis
condition of black lungs
pneumonomycosis
fungal condition of the lungs
mycoid
resembling fungus
myc
word root for fungus
pneumo
combining form for lungs; also used to mean air
pneumoderma
a collection of air under the skin
pulmono
combining form for lung used only in a few words
pulmonary artery
blood flows from the heart to the lungs
pneo
combining form for breathing or breath
pnea
suffix for breathing
ortho
combining form for straight
orthopnea
difficulty breathing if laying straight in a horizontal position
ptyalo
combining form for saliva or sputum
sputum
combination of mucus and other fluids and substances that have entered the respiratory tracts
hematoptysis
condition of bloody sputum
ptyalorrhea
flow of saliva
naso
combining form for nasal cavity
nasoantritis
inflammation of the antrum and the nasal cavity
mento
combining form for chin
nasopharyngitis
inflammation of nose and pharynx
epistaxis
medical term for nosebleed or hemorrhage
pharyngo
combining form for pharynx
laryngo
combining form for larynx
laryngalgia
pain in the larynx
tracheo
combining form for trachea
tracheopyosis
condition of trachea with pus formation
endotracheal
within the trachea
bronchitis
inflammation of the bronchi
bronchofiberoscopy
use of a flexible bronchoficerscope to examine the tracheobronchial tree
pleural
membrane around the lungs
visceropleural
pertaining to the membrane attached to the lung
pleurisy
another word for inflammation of the lung
phreno
combining form for diaphragm
phrenoplegia
paralysis of the diaphragm
diaphragmo
another combining form for diaphragm
phrenectomy, phrenicectomy
removal of a portion of the phrenic nerve
dextro
combining form for right
sinistro
combining form for left
sinistrocardia
displacement of the heart to the left
manual
hand
pedal
foot
sinistropedal
left footed
podo, pedi
combining forms for foot
iatrist
sufffix for medical professionals
chiro
combining forms for hand
chiroplasty
surgical repair of hand
pedia
combining form for child
geri
combining form for old age
gerontology
study of aging