Rome edited by Dr. Yopp
Vocabulary terms and people associated with the founding of Rome, the Roman Republic, and the early Roman Empire.
Terms in this set (33)
Wealthy, land-holding, upper-class, group of powerful Romans. (They were the rich people of Rome.)
Common, regular people of Rome. They were the farmers, artisans, and merchants who had little wealth or power. They elected tribunes to represent them in government. (They were the poor people of Rome.)
The law-makers of Rome. Made up of 300 members from the Patricians. They served for life.
Two officials who headed the Roman Republic government. They were elected by the Senate. One managed the government and the other commanded the army.
People who represented the Plebians in government.
"I forbid" - to forbid/prevent a law from going into effect. Consuls could veto each other's laws.
A person who was given total power in times of crisis. But the power was temporary.
It is a government by 3 (tri) people with equal power.
The Ides of March
The day Julius Caesar was assassinated, March 15th. "Beware, the Ides of March". The word "ides" means the 15th day of March, May, July, or October and the 13th day of every other month. (It's an Etruscan word.)
He was made dictator (absolute ruler) in 45BC. He realized Rome needed reforms, so he gave land to the poor and increased the Senate to 900 members. By increasing the number of Senators, he weakened the Senate's power. He was assassinated by some senators 44BC.
A prisoner, criminal, or slave who served as a professional fighter in Rome. The most famous place they fought at was the Colosseum.
An underground room used as a burial place.
The river where Rome was founded.
Original settlers of Palatine Hill area. Spoke Latin. They were soon taken over by the Etruscans.
Had colonies in southern Italy and Sicily and influenced the Romans. They passed things to the Romans such as knowledge of growing olives and grapes, the alphabet, sculpture and architecture.
The earliest written collection of Roman laws, drawn up by patricians. These twelve codes became the foundation of Roman law. The laws talked about property, crime, family, theft, marriage and inheritance. They were engraved on tablets of metal and put on display at the Forum in the city of Rome, so that everyone could see them.
Lived in a region just north of Rome called Etruria. Conquered the Romans in 616BC. Introduced the arch and army structure to the Romans.
Large body of water that touches borders of northern Africa, Europe, & Asia Minor. Literally means "Middle of land". Romans called it "Mare Nostrum" (Our sea).
A government where some citizens have the right to elect their leaders. From "Res Publica" - people's thing.
A series of three wars between Rome and Carthage (264-146 B.C.); Rome won all 3 wars and Carthage was destroyed. Rome became the dominant power in the western Mediterranean.
Carthaginian military commander in the 2nd Punic War. Attempted a surprise attack on Rome by crossing the Alps with a large group of soldiers, horses, and elephants.
Land surrounded by water on three sides. Greece and Italy are both peninsulas.
The mountain range in northern Italy. They run E to W and W to E.
200 year period of peace in Rome. Roman Peace. There were 5 important rulers during this time (Nerva, Trajan, Hadrian, Antoninus Pius, and Marcus Aurelius).
Emperor of Rome who adopted the Christian faith and stopped the persecution of Christians (280-337)
The ruler of an empire.
The title given to a Roman ruler.
A word that Romans used to refer to anyone outside the empire who did not share in the Greek or Roman cultures. Some barbarian tribes were the Vandals, the Visogoths, the Ostrogoths, the Huns.
Someone who destroys (vandalizes) property.
The belief in or worship of many gods and goddesses.
To punish people for their religious beliefs.
The leader of the Roman Catholic church.