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Ch 4 Modern Genetics

Carlos Battistini
STUDY
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Multiple Alleles
Three or more forms of a gene that code for a single trait.
Sex Chromosomes
One of the 23 pairs of chromosomes in each body cell.
Sex-Linked Gene
Y chromosomes are often called this because their alleles are passed from parent to child on a sex chromosome.
Carrier
A person who has one recessive allele for a trait and one dominant allele.
Genetic Disorder
An abnormal condition that a person inherits through genes or chromosomes.
Pedigree
A chart or "family tree" that tracks which member of a family have a particular trait.
Karyotype
A picture of all the chromosomes in a cell.
Selective Breeding
The process of selecting organisms with desired traits to be parents of the next generation.
Inbreeding
This technique involves crossing two individuals that have similar characteristics.
Hybridization
In this, breeders cross two genetically different individuals.
Clone
An organism that has exactly the same genes as the organism from which it was produced.
Genetic Engineering
In this process, genes from organism are transferred into the DNA of another organism.
Gene Therapy
This process will involve inserting copies of a gene directly into a parent's cells.
Genome
All the DNA in one cell of an organism.