20 terms

Europe_Vocab Social Studies

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uplands
n., hills, mountains, and plateaus
polder
n., land in the Netherlands that has been reclaimed from the sea
bay
n., a body of water surrounded on three sides by land
fjord
(fee ORD) n., a deep narrow bay
canal
n., a human-made waterway through land for boats and ships
marine reserve
n., an ocean area set aside to protect ocean life from humans
democracy
n., a form of government by the people, in which citizens often elect representatives to govern them
city-state
n., an independent state made up of a city and the territories depending on it
golden age
n., a period of great wealth, culture, and democracy in Greece
philosopher
n., a person who examines questions about the universe and searches for the truth
rupublic
n., a form of government in which officials are elected by the people to govern
patrician
n., a wealthy landowner in ancient Rome
plebian
n., a farmer or lower class person in ancient Rome
barbarian
n., a soldier or warrior considered to be culturally less developed than those being fought; the term originally comes from the German tribes who invaded the Roman Empire in A.D. 235
aqueduct
n., a transport system for carrying water long distances, sometimes raised on a bridge
feudal system
n., a social structure during the Middle Ages consisting of a king, lords, vassals, and serfs
serf
n., from the 1500's to the 1800's . a poor Russian or European peasant farmer who rented land from a landlord and had few rights
indulgence
n., A fee paid to the church to relax the penalty for a sin during the Middle Ages
aristocrat
n., a member of the upper class
veto
n., to reject a decision made by another government body
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