Social Studies Chapter 6
Terms in this set (30)
Why did the United States have trouble paying the debt from the Revolutionary War?
The government could not tax citizens, only the states could.
What was the Northwest Ordinance of 1787?
Described how territories could become states
What is the Great Compromise?
The combination of the Virginia Plan and the New Jersey Plan.
What was the result of the Great Compromise?
Creation of the House of Representatives (Virginia Plan) and the Senate (New Jersey Plan)
Something that an anti-federalist might have said
The government will have too much power if you do not include the Bill of Rights
Is the right to a trial by jury protected int he Bill of Rights or the Articles of Confederation?
The Bill of Rights
What two amendments have to do with the right to a fair trial by jury?
The 6th and 7th Amendments
What is the job of the Judicial Branch?
Interpret and decide what laws mean and if they are following the Constitution.
US Supreme Court
Who provides for the common defense of the United States?
The US Military
What was the New Jersey Plan?
Called for each state to have the same number of representatives.
What was the result of the New Jersey Plan?
The creation of the Senate
What was the Virginia Plan?
Called for each state to have representation based on population.
Was was the result of the Virginia Plan?
The creation of the House of Representatives
What is the difference between the Constitution and the Articles of Confederation?
Constitution had a stronger government with three branches and the Articles of Confederation had a weak government with only one branch - the Legislative Branch.
What was the 3/5 Compromise?
Part of the Virginia Plan that says that only 3 of every 5 enslaved people would count towards the population
The national government is the only one that can print money - true or false?
Why did some states not ratify the Constitution at first?
Because the original draft of the Constitution did not include the Bill of Rights
List some examples of civic responsibilities
Being informed about current event s, voting, abiding by the laws, serving on a jury
How does the Legislative Branch check the Executive Branch?
It can reject a veto
How does the Executive Branch check the Legislative Branch?
It can veto laws passed by congress?
How does the Judicial Branch check the Legislative Branch?
It can stop laws that are unconstitutional
What two groups of Americans did not have the right to vote when the Constitution was written?
Women and people of other races
What two Amendments gave the right to vote to women and people of other races?
15th and 19th Amendments
Why are checks and balances important?
It prevents one branch from having too much power
Who is involved in the checks and balances process?
Legislative Branch, Executive Branch, and Judicial Branch
What is the National Guard?
Part of the military that work in the states and towns to help protect the citizens in times of emergencies
What part of the Constitution does the National Guard fall under?
Ensure Domestic Tranquility
What is the 10th Amendment?
All powers not stated as belonging to the federal government belong to the states or to the people
Why is the 10th Amendment so important?
It limits the power of the federal government
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