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South Asia

home to the world's tallest mountains;also is a subcontinent

the Himalayas

the world's tallest mountain range


a large expanse of land that juts out from the mainland and is seperated by water from other areas

Asian subcontinent

subcontinent that may have been part of a huge landmass that included Asia, South America, Africa, Austrailia, and Antarctica


the number of countries that are included in South Asia (India, Pakistan, Nepal, Bhutan, Afghanistan, Bangladesh, Sri Lanka, and the Maldives Islands)

Hindu Kush and the Himalayas

mountain ranges that seperate South Asia from the rest of the continent


country located in the northwestern region of South Asia and is home to the world's second largest mountain


the world's second largest mountain

South Asia's different climate seasons

mild temperatures from October to Feburary, hot from March to May, monsoon season from June to September

monsoon season

season that is very important to the farmers and the economy

three rivers in the South Asian subcontinent

Ganges, Indus, Brahmaputra

subsistence farming

form of farming in which nearly all the crops are used to support the farmer and his family

India and Pakistan's problem

they are too heavily populated countries

a billion

how many people live in India

Deccan Plateau

plateau that lies between the Adrian Sea and the Bay of Bengal and it is made of lava, which produces a rich black soil;it's bordered on the west and east by the East and Western Ghats Mts.


what most people in India are(job or work)

fishing and clothing manufacturing

important industries along India's southern border

Indus River Valley

first place that people started to settle in around 3500 B.C.

Harappa and Mohenjo-Daro

two cities uncovered by archaeologists in the 1920's and 30's

2500-1700 B.C.

years that the Harappan civilization began and disappeared

natural disaster

how the Harappan civilization disappeared


people who migrated to the Indus River Valley around 1500 B.C. from the north across the Hindu Kush Mts. and through the Khyber Pass


a new language that the Aryans spoke


"Books of Knowledge" that the Aryans left behind that contained stories and songs


horse-drawn carriage: a new technology


priest leader who leaded an Aryan group

Aryan society (in order)

priests and teachers, warriors and kings, cultivators and artisans and traders and merchants, and sudras and serfs

Cyrus the second

founder of the Persian Empire

Persian Empire

empire that stretched from the Mediterranean Sea to the Indus River Valley

roads and trade

developments that connected India with other lands in Asia


religion that was brought to Persia by the prophet Zoaraster

Chandragupta Maurya

a soldier who seized power in India and started the Mauryan Empire


Chandragupta's granson who took power around 270 B.C.


the people who took control over many aspects of life and was highly organized

how the MauRyan Empire ended

when conflicts among the regions broke out in India

Gupta Empire

empire that began in 320 A.D.

science, math, poetry, art, and literature

advancements that India flourished within the Gupta period


how the Gupta economy began to improve


people who took over the Gupta empire


the main religion of India that is based on Aryan beliefs


world's oldest religion


the amount of Vedas

Rig Veda

collecton of hymns that priests recite at ceremonies and rituals

no one

the founder of Hinduism

how Hinduism started

with the religious beliefs of the Aryans from the written Vedas


the source and final destination of everything according to Hinduism, who is the one universal being

the 3 principal forms of Brahman

Brahma, Vishnu, and Shiva


the destroyer, according to Hinduism


the preserver, according to Hinduism, who maintains dharma


the creator, according to Hinduism


the order of the universe, according to Hinduism


what the followers of Hinduism are called

the seven essential doctrines or beliefs

peaceful living, freedom of thought, respect for nature and animals, becoming one with Brahman, and the fact that good and bad actiona will one day affect us


the process through which a person goes from one life to the next


the lifetime actions of a person


a lifelong social group that a person is born into

what castes determine

which job each caste member is qualified for

caste system

Hindu system that shows the people at the top, bottom, and middle of the caste

priests and teachers

people at the top of the caste system

rulers and warriors

people who are second in the caste system

farmers and merchants

people who are third in the caste system


"servants of all others" who are at the very bottom of the caste system

Siddharta Gautama

the man who came to be known as the Buddha

"the Enlightened One"

another name for Siddharta

a sick person, an old man, a dead body, and a monk

what Siddharta saw when he left the palace

6th century B.C.

when Siddharata was born

who Siddharta joined

a group of men who sought understanding and simple living

six years

how long Siddharta fasted

how Siddharta became enlightened

he sat under a tree and meditated until he realized that all people had the power within them to become free from suffering

Four Noble Truths

what Buddhism is based on. they're about human suffering.

Noble Truth #1

suffering is a part of life for all people

Noble Truth #2

people suffer because they want so many things in life

Noble Truth #3

if people can free themselves from wanting so many things, they will be free from suffering

Noble Truth #4

people can free themselves from suffering by following the Eightfold Path

Eightfold Path

way of living that can help people find relief from suffering

wisdom, morality, and meditation

three qualities that the Eightfold Path reccomends

actions, efforts, and ways of thinking

things that the Eightfold Path says will help Buddhists develop the three Eightfold Path qualities

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