19 terms

CH. 13 Criminal Law

Crimes Against Property
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blackmail
taking property through threat to disclose secret or embarrassing information
carjacking
taking a motor vehicle in the possession of another, from his or her person or immediate presence, by force, and against his or her will
computer crime
crimes involving the computer, including unauthorized access to computers, computer programs, and networks; the modification or destruction of data and programs; and the sending of mass unsolicited messages and messages intended to trick and deceive
custody
temporary and limited right to control property
embezzlement
the fraudulent conversion of the property of another by an individual in lawful possession of the property
extortion
taking property from another by threat of future violence or action, such as circulating secret information; by threat of criminal charge; or by threat of inflicting economic harm
false pretenses
obtaining title and possession of property of another by a knowingly false representation of a present or past material fact with an intent to defraud that causes an individual to pass title to their property
forgery
creating a false legal document or the material modification of an existing legal document with the intent to deceive or to defraud others
grand larceny
a serious larceny, determined by the value of the property that is taken
identity theft
stealing of an individual's personal identifying informatino
larceny
trespassory taking and carrying away of the personal property of another with the intent to permanently deprive the individual of possession of the property
larceny by trick
obtaining possession by misrepresentation or deceit
petit larceny
a minor larceny, typically involving the taking of property valued at less than a designated monetary amount
possession
physical control over property with the ability to freely use and enjoy the property
receiving stolen property
accepting stolen property knowing it to be stolen with the intent to permanently deprive the owner of the property
robbery
taking personal property from an individual's person or presence by violence or intimidation
simulation
punishes the creation of false objects with the purpose to defraud, such as antique furniture, paintings and jewelry. simulation requires proof that an individual knows that he or she is "facilitating a fraud"
theft statutes
consolidated state law punishing larceny, embezzlement, and false pretenses
uttering
circulating or using a forged document