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22 terms

Greek Achievements

STUDY
PLAY
Thales
1. Philosophy & Philosophers
1st Greek philosopher-
Searched for explanation that the world rested on water & the occurrence of earthquakes
Socrates
1. Philosophy & Philosophers
Questions for everything
Questions criticized government & was put to death
Plato
1. Philosophy & Philosophers
student of Socrates
Wrote two books
• Republic (book on the best way to govern)
• The Apology (book as a response to Socrates)
Aristotle
1. Philosophy & Philosophers
Student of Plato/ teacher of Alexander the Great
• 1st to promote Scientific Method of observation then theory
Hippocrates
2. Medicine
• Father of Medicine- looked for natural causes
• Hippocratic oath- Requires doctors to act ethically & morally
Anaxogoras
3. Science
Solar eclipse explanation
Aristarchus
3. Science
astronomer- earth revolved around the sun
Archimedes
3. Science
• Law of physics
• Body weight in H2O
Direct Democracy
4. Democracy
Everyone citizen (only men) votes. It was like this in Ancient Greece
Representative Democracy
Vote on Representative to vote on issue
Theater
originally songs/ dances in marketplaces (agoras) then open air theaters. By 5th century BC two types of play...
a. Tragedy- serious, tragic end
b. Comedy- light-hearted/ joke, humor
Literature
a. Greek Myths- about gods & heroes
b. Epic poems- celebrating heroic deeds—Iliad & Odyssey (Homer)
c. Lyric poems- concerned with feelings
Herodotus
7. History
wrote about the Persian Wars
• Father of History
• 1st to gather facts and write them down
• Word history comes from his name
Thucydides
7. History
wrote about the Peloponnesian War
Tried to understand events based on actions--- like a reporter
Architecture
a. Parthenon- Temple to Athena- Parts still stand
b. Agoras—open air theatre
c. Columns (p.490)
• Doric- Simple
• Ionic- Swirls
• Corinthian- Leaves
Olympics
Sports to honor gods!
a. Every 4 years- Athletic competition
1. Only Greek men in Olympia
2. Prize was originally olive wreath
3. Started with just a foot race
4. Pentathlon-revealed best all-around athlete
Heraia
Women had own Olympics in non-Olympic years
Alphabet
ours is similar today; adapted from the Phoenician alphabet between 1100-700BC
Pythagoras
Geometry Theorem
Euclid
the father of geometry
Abacus
counting tool
Art
a. Sculptures-human, lifelike
b. Paintings