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60 terms

PHARM 106 Infectious Disease

Flashcard set that's geared towards soldiers enrolled in the pharmacy tech course. These cards are made to help identify the terms used in the fields of microbiology, identify the characteristics of microorganisms, identify the characteristics of immunity, and identify the characteristics of antimicrobial agents.
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Endoparasites
Infectious agents that can enter human hosts.
Microbiology
The study of very small or microscopic organisms of either plant or animal origin.
Aerobe
An organism that requires oxygen for life and reproduction.
Anaerobe
An organism that does not require oxygen for life and reproduction.
Antimicrobial
Drugs used to stop or slow the growth of specific microbes.
Antibacterial/Antibiotic
Drugs used to stop or slow the growth of bacteria in the body, allowing the body's immune system to kill the invading bacteria.
Bactericidal
Drugs that kill bacteria.
Bacteriostatic
Drugs that inhibit bacterial growth.
Antifungal
Drugs used to stop or slow the growth of fungus.
Antihelmintics
Drugs used to stop or slow the growth of parasitic worms.
Antiviral
Drugs used to stop or slow the growth of viruses.
Autoimmune Diseases
Diseases characterized by inflammation and destruction of the body's tissues caused by the body's immune system.
Bacteria
Single-celled microorganisms that do not have a defined nucleus and are found virtually everywhere.
Pathogenic Bacteria
Bacteria that cause diseases.
Nonpathogenic Bacteria
Bacteria that do not cause diseases.
CD4 Count
The lab value that counts a certain type of erythrocyte. It is used to assess the magnitude of injury to the immune system and to determine the effectiveness of treatment in HIV and AIDS patients.
Colonization
The presence of bacteria in a human host that is not part of the normal flora; often resides in the host without causing disease unless overgrowth occurs.
Dermatophytes
Fungi that cause infection of the hair, skin, and nails.
Disease
A condition of the body in which there is abnormal functioning resulting from the effects of hereditary, infection, diet, or exercise.
Dysentery
An infection of the intestinal tract that causes severe diarrhea with blood and mucus.
Endemic
A disease constantly present in a population.
Epidemic
A greater than normal number of cases of a disease in an area within a particular period.
Etiology
The study of the causes and origins of disease.
Fomite
An inanimate object on which pathogens may be transmitted.
Fungi
Plant-like organisms that lack chlorophyll and need to live off of a food source that is either dead or alive.
Immunocompetent
Having an immune system that possesses the ability to mount a normal immune response.
Immunocomprimised
Having an immune system that is weakened by disease, or as a result of treatment; the risk of susceptibility to infections is increased.
Immunodeficient
A condition in which the body's immune response is damaged, weakened, or is not functioning properly.
Immunosuppression
Suppression of the immune system by drugs or radiation therapy, in order to prevent rejection of a transplanted organ, or to control an autoimmune disorder.
Microbiology
The study of very small or microscopic organisms of either animal or plant origin.
Bacteriology
The study of bacteria.
Mycology
The study of fungi, to include molds, mushrooms, and yeasts.
Parasitology
The study of parasites.
Protozoology
The study of protozoa.
Virology
The study of viruses.
Micrometer
A unit of length, equal to one-millionth of a meter.
Morphology
The study of the form and structure of an organism.
Mucocutaneous
Affecting the skin and mucous membranes.
Mycosis
A general term pertaining to any fungal infection, either superficial or systemic.
Neutropenia
An abnormally low white blood cell count, which will hamper the body in fighting infections.
Nonpathogenic
Microorganisms that do not cause disease.
Normal Flora
Microorganisms that constantly and consistently inhabit the human body; some of which are known to perform tasks that are useful for the human host.
Pandemic
A worldwide epidemic of a particular disease.
Parasite
An organism that lives within or upon another form of life and depends on that form of life for nourishment and survival.
Pathogen
An organism or bacteria capable of causing disease.
Spore
A reproductive element of a plant or microorganism, usually in a resting state and encased in a hard, resistant protein coat.
Systemic
Affecting the body as a whole. Generally life-threatening.
Toxin
A poisonous substance.
Vector
An insect or other organism that transmits parasitic microorganisms from person to person.
Virus
A small microorganism, which needs a living cell to replicate.
Microorganism
Any organism that cannot be seen by the human eye and typically consists of only a single cell.
Viruses
Noncellular pathogens that replicate by directing the synthesis of virus-specific proteins and nucleic acids inside tissue cells.
Immunity
A biological term that describes a state of having sufficient biological defenses to avoid infection, disease, or other unwanted biological invasion.
Pediculocide
Drugs are used to treat parasitic infections such as body life, head lice, scabies, and crabs.
Mucous Membrane
Tissue that is rich in mucous secreting glands that line body passages and cavities that communicate directly or indirectly or indirectly with the external environment.
Spherical Bacteria
Cocci Bacteria
Rod-Shaped Bacteria
Bacilli Bacteria
Curved-Rod Bacteria
Spirilla Bacteria
Gram Stain
A method of identifying bacteria; includes two types of dye:
Crystal Violet (blue) - Gram positive
Safranin (red) - Gram negative
Antibiotic Susceptibility
Identification of the antibiotics that are effective against specific bacteria.