48 terms

Pre-Ap Classification GN

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What is taxonomy?
The discipline of naming and grouping organisms.
Who created the classification system?
Carolous Linnaeus
What are the seven levels of the classification system?
Kingdom, Phylum, Class, Order, Family, Genus, Species
What is each level of the classification system called?
A taxon
What is a Kingdom?
largest category, group of related phyla
What is a Phylum?
group of different classes that share important characteristics
What is a Class?
group of similar orders
What is an Order?
group of similar features
What is a family?
genera (genus plural) that share many characteristics
What is a genus?
group of closely related species
What is a species?
group of similar organisms that can breed and produce fertile offspring
What is binomial nomenclature?
each species is assigned a two part scientific name consisting of genus + species
How is binomial nomenclature written?
Always written in italics. First word, genus, first letter Capitalized, second word, species, is lowercased
(EX. Homo sapiens)
What are the 6 kingdoms?
Eubacteria, Archaebacteria, Protista, Fungi, Animalia, Plantae
What are the 5 characteristics organisms are grouped into?
Cell type, Cell structure, Number of cells, Mode of nutrition, Motile or non-motile.
Which kingdom(s) have eukaryotic cell types?
Animalia, Fungi, Plantae, Protista
Which kingdom(s) have prokaryotic cell types?
Archaebacteria, Eubacteria
Which kingdom(s) have cell walls?
Fungi, Plantae, Protista, Archaebacteria, Eubacteria
Which kingdom(s) do not have cell walls?
Animalia
What are the cell walls in the kingdom fungi made of?
Chitin
What are the cell walls in the kingdom plantae made of?
cellulose
What are the cell walls in the kingdom eubacteria made of?
peptidoglycan
What are the cell walls in the kingdom protista made of?
some cellulose
True or False?
Archaebacteria cell walls are made of peptidoglycan.
False
Is the kingdom of Animalia multicellular or unicellular?
multicellular
Is the kingdom of Fungi multicellular or unicellular?
most multicellular; some unicellular
Is the kingdom of Plantae multicellular or unicellular?
multicellular
Is the kingdom of Archaebacteria multicellular or unicellular?
unicellular
Is the kingdom of Eubacteria multicellular or unicellular?
unicellular
Is the kingdom of Protista multicellular or unicellular?
most are unicellular, some colonial, some multicellular
Is the kingdom of Animalia heterotrophic or autotrophic?
Heterotrophic
Is the kingdom of Fungi heterotrophic or autotrophic?
Heterotrophic
Is the kingdom of Plantae heterotrophic or autotrophic?
autotrophic
Is the kingdom of Archaebacteria heterotrophic or autotrophic?
Both
Is the kingdom of Eubacteria heterotrophic or autotrophic?
Both
Is the kingdom of Protista heterotrophic or autotrophic?
Both
Is the kingdom of Animalia motile or nonmotile?
most are motile
Is the kingdom of Fungi motile or nonmotile?
non-motile
Is the kingdom of Plantae motile or nonmotile?
non-motile
Is the kingdom of Archaebacteria motile or nonmotile?
non-motile
Is the kingdom of Eubacteria motile or nonmotile?
motile or non-motile
Is the kingdom of Protista motile or nonmotile?
motile or non-motile
There was an even larger taxon developed, what is it called?
Domain
What are the three domains?
Bacteria, Archaea, Eukarya
What is in the Bacteria domain?
Kingdom Eubacteria
What is in the Archaea domain?
Kingdom Archaeabacteria
What is in the Eukarya domain?
protists, fungi, plants, animals
What is a dichotomous key?
categorizes species based on yes or no questions.