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Terms in this set (59)
the religious doctrines preached by those who believed that the churches should directly address economic and social problems
A system that allows voters privacy in marking their ballot choices. Developed in Australia in the 1850s, it was introduced to the United States during the progressive era to help counteract boss rule.
Amendment to the United States Constitution (1913) gave Congress the power to tax income.
Direct election of senators, Passed in 1913, this amendment to the Constitution calls for the direct election of senators by the voters instead of their election by state legislatures.
Prohibited the manufacture, sale, and distribution of alcoholic beverages
Gave women the right to vote
This law established an eight-hour day for all employees on trains involved in interstate commerce, with extra pay for overtime. It was the first federal law regulating the hours of workers in private companies, and was upheld by the Supreme Court Wilson v. New (1917).
a dispute between U.S. Forest Service Chief Gifford Pinchot and U.S. Secretary of the Interior Richard Achilles Ballinger that contributed to the split of the Republican Party before the 1912 Presidential Election and helped to define the U.S. conservation movement in the early 20th century.
the able and audacious reformist Republican governor of New York, had earlier gained national fame as an investigator of malpractices by gas and insurance companies and by the coal trust.
Charles Evans Hughes
law that extended the anti-trust protections of the Sherman Anti-Trust Act and exempted labor unions and agricultural organizations from antimonopoly constraints. The act also conferred long-overdue benefits on labor.
Clayton Antitrust Act
Roosevelt's most enduring tangible achievement. It was based on the upwelling national mood of concern about the disappearance of the frontier. Progressive conservationists believed that nature must be neither uncritically reverenced nor wastefully exploited, but must instead be efficiently utilized.
British prime minister who wanted Germany to face harsh decisions from the Paris Peace Conference, and he had just returned to power after his party had promised to hang the Kaiser, He was the British representative at the Paris Peace Conference.
David Lloyd George
Eugene V. Debs
Federal Reserve Act
Federal Trade Commission
Henry Demarest Lloyd
Hiram W. Johnson
was an American teacher, author and journalist. She was known as one of the leading "muckrakers" of the progressive era, work known in modern times as "investigative journalism". She wrote many notable magazine series and biographies. She is best known for her 1904 book The History of the Standard Oil Company, an account of the rise of a business monopoly that first appeared serially in McClure's Magazine and led to the government's epochal antitrust suit against the company. For her work Tarbell became one of the journalists Theodore Roosevelt dubbed muckrakers.
Ida M. Tarbell
In political science, an initiative (also known as a popular or citizens' initiative) is a means by which a petition signed by a certain minimum number of registered voters can force a public vote (plebiscite). The vote may be on a proposed statute, constitutional amendment, charter amendment or ordinance, or, in its minimal form, to simply oblige the executive or legislative bodies to consider the subject by submitting it to the order of the day. It is a form of direct democracy.
was a Danish American social reformer, "muckraking" journalist and social documentary photographer. He is known for using his photographic and journalistic talents to help the impoverished in New York City; those impoverished New Yorkers were the subject of most of his prolific writings and photography. He endorsed the implementation of "model tenements" in New York with the help of humanitarian Lawrence Veiller. Additionally, as one of the most famous proponents of the newly practicable casual photography, he is considered one of the fathers of photography due to his discovery of the use of flash in photography.
She co-founded the Hull-House social organization in 1889. She was a college graduate who wanted to use her talents to volunteer. She bought the old Hull mansion and began Hull-House to help the poor in the slums of Chicago. Hull-House helped newcomers cope with city life, also offering childcare and cultural activities. She later expanded her goals to include suffrage and other rights for women, mandatory education, and labor laws. She also founded the Women's Peace Party She won the Nobel Peace Prize in 1931.
"Blackjack" Pershing was the General of Armies. One of America's most famous Army officers, Pershing was born in Missouri on September 13, 1860. He graduated from West Point in 1886 and served in the Spanish-American War, the Philippines Insurrection, the Mexican Expedition and was the overall American Commander in Europe during World War I. Following the war, he served as Army Chief of Staff. He died at Walter Reed Army Medical Center in Washington on July 15, 1948.
John J. Pershing
was a Scottish-born American naturalist, author, and early advocate of preservation of wilderness in the United States. His letters, essays, and books telling of his adventures in nature, especially in the Sierra Nevada mountains of California, have been read by millions. His activism helped to save the Yosemite Valley, Sequoia National Park and other wilderness areas. The Sierra Club, which he founded, is now one of the most important conservation organizations in the United States.
also known as Philippine Autonomy Act or the Act of Congress of August 29, 1916, was an organic act passed by the United States Congress which replaced the Philippine Organic Act of 1902. The Jones Law acted like a constitution for the Philippines until 1934 when the Tydings-McDuffie Act creating of the Commonwealth of the Philippines. It established for the first time an elected upper house, which would eventually become the Philippine Senate.
was a New York reporter who launched a series of articles in McClure's titled the Shame of the Cities. He is famous for investigating corruption in municipal government. He lectured widely and aroused public interest in seeking solutions and taking action. He later supported revolutionary activities in Mexico and Russia and lived in Europe. He was one of the most famous practitioners of the journalistic style called muckraking. The term muckraker is closely associated with reform-oriented journalists who wrote largely for popular magazines, continued a tradition of investigative journalism reporting, and emerged in the United States after 1900 and continued to be influential until World War I.
In 1905, Lochner v New York was a landmark United States Supreme Court case that held a "liberty of contract" was implicit in the due process clause of the Fourteenth Amendment. The case involved a New York law that limited the number of hours that a baker could work each day to ten, and limited the number of hours that a baker could work each week to 60. By a 5-4 vote, the Supreme Court rejected the argument that the law was necessary to protect the health of bakers, deciding it was a labor law attempting to regulate the terms of employment, and calling it an "unreasonable, unnecessary and arbitrary interference with the right and liberty of the individual to contract." Justice Rufus Peckham wrote for the majority, while Justices John Marshall Harlan and Oliver Wendell Holmes, Jr. filed dissents.
Lochner v. New York
Brandeis was the first Supreme Court and his appointment as the first Jewish justice was vigorously opposed by some business interests and anti-Semitic groups. He served until 1939. Brandeis University is named for him. His work influenced passage in 1914 of the Clayton Anti-Trust Act and the Federal Trade Commission Act. He also developed what came to be called the "Brandeis brief," in which economic and sociological data, historical material, and expert opinion are marshaled to support a legal argument. Appointed to the Supreme Court of the United States (1916), he was noted for his devotion to freedom of speech.
Louis D. Brandeis
This helped the process of inspecting the meats that were imported to United States. President Roosevelt was not able to see his people suffering from the disease of food. Thus, whenever foreign foods were imported to United States, they were inspected by the inspectors. The importance of the event was that people were not able to get sick so easily because there was inspection of meat. This helped United States export, too. Upton Sinclair's The Jungle helped speed up the passing of this act.
Meat Inspection Act
"Muckracker" was a name for a writer who exposed corruption and abuses in politics, business, meat-packing, child labor, and more, primarily in the first decade of the twentieth century. Their popular books and magazine articles spurred public interest in progressive reform.
Muller v. Oregon
Pure Food & Drug Act
Triangle Shirtwaist Fire
William Howard Taft
Workingmen's Compensation Act
Women's Christian Temperance Union (WCTU)
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