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154 terms

Holman Greek Words 11-25

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anthropology
science dealing with the origin, races, customs, and beliefs of man
bacteriology
science dealing with the study of bacteria
biology
science dealing with the study of living organisms
cardiology
science dealing with the action and diseases of the heart
criminology
scientific study of crimes and criminals
dermatology
science dealing with the skin and its diseases
ecology
science dealing with the relation of living things to their environment and to each other
ethnology
science dealing with the races of mankind, their origin, distribution, culture, etc.
genealogy
account of the descent of a person or family from an ancestor
geology
science dealing with the earth's history as recorded in rocks
meteorology
science dealing with the atmosphere and weather
morphology
scientific study of the forms and structures of plants and animals
mythology
account or study of myths
necrology
register of persons who have died
neurology
scientific study of the nervous system and its diseases
paleontology
science dealing with life in the remote past as recorded in fossils
pathology
science dealing with the nature and causes of disease
petrology
scientific study of rocks
physiology
science dealing with the functions of living things or their organs
psychology
science of the mind
sociology
study of the evolution, development, and functioning of human society
technology
industrial science
theology
study of religion and religious ideas
abiogenesis
spontaneous generation
amphibious
able to live both on land and in water
antibiotic
antibacterial substance produced by a living organism
autobiography
story of a person's life written by the person himself
biochemistry
chemistry dealing with chemical compounds and processes in living plants and animals
biogenesis
development of life from preexisting life
biography
story of a person's life written by another person
biometry
calculation of the probable duration of human life
biopsy
diagnostic examination of a piece of tissue from the living body
biota
the living plants (flora) and living animals (fauna) of a region
microbe
very minute living organism
symbiosis
the living together in mutually helpful association of two dissimilar organisms
anatomy
1. dissection of plants or animals for the purpose of studying their structure
2. structure of a plant or animal
appendectomy
surgical removal of the appendix
atom
smallest particle of an element (literally, "not cut," "indivisible")
atomizer
instrument for reducing to a fine spray
dichotomy
cutting or division into two; division
lobotomy
brain surgery
phlebotomy
opening of a vein to diminish the blood supply
tonsillectomy
surgical removal of the tonsils
antipodes
parts of the globe (or their inhabitants) diametrically opposite (literally, "with the feet opposite")
arthropod
any invertebrate (animal having no backbone) with jointed legs
chiropodist
one who treats ailments of the human foot
dipody
verse (line of poetry) consisting of two feet; a dimeter
monopode
one-footed creature
podiatrist
chiropodist
podium
1. dais
2. low wall serving as a foundation
tripod
utensil, stool, or caldron having three legs
unipod
one-legged support
homochromatic
having the same color
heterochromatic
having different colors
homogeneous
of the same kind; similar
heterogeneous
differing in kind; dissimilar
homology
fundamental similarity of structure
heterology
lack of correspondence between parts
homomorphic
exhibiting similarity of form
heteromorphic
exhibiting dicersity of form
homonym
word that sounds like another but differs in meaning
heteronym
word spelled like another, but differing in sound and meaning
homocentric
having the same center
homophonic
having the same sound
polyphonic
having many sounds or voices
heteroclite
1. deviating from the common rule
2. person or thing deviating from the common rule
heterodox
contrary to some acknowledged standard
orthodox
conforming to an acknowledged standard
hyperacidity
excessive acidity
hypoacidity
weak acidity
hyperactive
overactive
hypoactive
underactive
hypertension
abnormally high blood pressure
hypotension
low blood pressure
hyperthyroid
marked by excessive activity of the thyroid gand
hypothyroid
marked by deficient activity of the thyroid gland
hyperbole
extravagant exaggeration of statement
hypercritical
overcritical
hyperemia
superabundance of blood
hyperopia
farsightedness
myopia
nearsigthedness
hypersensitive
excessively sensitive; supersensitive
hypertrophy
enlargement of a part organ, as from excessive use
atrophy
lack of growth from want of nourishment or from disease
hypodermic
injected under the skin
hypothesis
theory or supposition assumed as a basis for reasoning ("something placed under")
hypothetical
assumed without proof for the purpose of reasoning; conjectural
endocrine
secreting internally
exocrine
secreting externally
endogamy
marriage withing the tribe, caste, or social group
exogamy
marriage outside the tribe, caste, or social group
endogenous
produced from within; due to internal causes
exogenous
produced from without; due to external causes
endoskeleton
internal skeleton or supporting framework in an animal
exoskeleton
hard protective structure developed outside the body, as the shell of a lobster
endosmosis
osmosis inward
exosmosis
osmosis outward
endocarditis
inflammation of the lining of the heart
endoderm
membranelike tissue lining the digestive tract
endoparasite
parasite living in the internal organs of an animal
ectoparasite
parasite living on the exterior of an animal
endophyte
plant growing within another plant
exoteric
external; exterior; readily understandable
esoteric
inner; private; difficult to understand
exotic
1. introduced from a foreign country
2. excitingly strange
anarchy
total absence of rule or government; confusion; disorder
autarchy
rule by an absolute sovereign
hierarchy
body of rulers or officials grouped in ranks, each being subordinate to the rank above it
matriarchy
form of social organization in which the mother rules the family or tribe, descent being traced through the mother
monarchy
state ruled over by a single person, as a king or queen
oligarchy
form of government in which a few people have the power
patriarchy
form of social organization in which the father rules the family or tribe, descent being traced through the father
geocentric
measured from the earth's center
geodetic
pertaining to geodesy (mathematics dealing with the earth's shape and dimensions)
geography
study of the earth's surface, climate, continents, people, products, etc.
geometry
mathematics dealing with lines, angles, surfaces, and solids (literally, "measurement of land")
geomorphic
pertaining to the shape of the earth or the form of its surface
geophysics
science treating of the forces that modify the earth
geopolitics
study of government and its policies as affected by physical geography
geoponics
art or science of agriculture (literally, "working of the earth")
georgic
1. agricultural
2. poem on husbandry (farming)
geotropism
response to earth's gravity, as the growing of roots downward in the ground
apogee
farthest point from the earth in the orbit of a satellite
perigee
nearest point to the earth in the orbit of a satellite
antipathy
aversion ("feeling against"); dislike
apathy
lack of feeling, emotion, interest, or excitement; indifference
empathy
the complete understanding of another's feelings, motives, etc.
pathetic
arousing pity
pathos
quality in speech, writing, music, events, etc., that arouses a feeling of pity or sadness
sympathy
a sharing of ("feeling with") another's trouble; compassion
telepathy
transference of the thoughts and feelings of one person to another by no apparent means of communication
homeopathy
system of medical practice that treats disease by administering minute doses of a remedy which, if given to healthy persons, would produce symptoms of the disease treated
osteopath
practitioner of osteopathy (treatment of disease by manipulation of bones, muscles, nerves, etc.)
pathogenic
causing disease
pathological
due to disease
psychopathic
1. pertaining to mental disease
2. insane
amorphous
without definite form; shapeless
anthropomorphic
attributing human form or characteristics to beings not human, especially gods
dimorphous
occurring under two distinct forms
endomorphic
occurring within; internal
heteromorphic
exhibiting diversity of form
metamorphosis
change of form
monomorphic
having but a single form
morphology
branch of biology dealing with the form and structure of animals and plants
pericardium
membranous sac enclosing the heart
perihelion
nearest point to the sun in the orbit of a planet or comet
aphelion
farthest point from the sun in the orbit of a planet or comet
perimeter
the whole outer boundary or measurement of a surface or figure
periphery
outside boundary
periphrastic
expressed in a roundabout way
periscope
instrument permitting those in a submarine a view ("look around") of the surface
peristalsis
wavelike contraction of the intestines which propels contents onward
peristyle
1. row of columns around a building or court
2. the space so enclosed
peritonitis
inflammation of the peritoneum (membrane lining the abdominal cavity and covering the organs)