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Test 1: Immigration and Urbanization
Terms in this set (41)
Be sure to include the various destinations (3) from which they came from, how they got here(overcrowded ships), procedures they endured upon arrival(testing), what opposition they faced, where they chose to go once they arrived(chose to band together).
What were three major causes of immigration to the US in the late nineteenth century?
land shortages, persecution, industrial booming
What is a term for a community center that provided assistance to residents in a slum neighborhood?
What idea of the populist party was kept alive by the democratic party?
the government is responsible for social justice
3 reforms advocated by the populist party
increased money supply, popular election of US senators, 8 hours work day
What two inventions were essential to the development of skyscrapers?
elevators, internal steel skeletons
What principle was accepted in the ruling of Plessey vs Ferguson?
separate but equal
What invention allowed cities to expand outward during the late 1800s?
electric street cars
Why did the US go to war with Spain in 1898?
Americans believed Spain was violating the rights of Cuban rebels, and Spain had attacked the USS Maine
Who usually ran the academic and recreational classes at settlement houses?
Middle class, college educated women
How did the system of debt peonage end in America?
It was ruled a violation of the 13th amendment
What did African Americans find when they migrated to areas other than in the South?
It was the same
What nationality was banned from immigrating by congress in the 1880's?
Why did Resident Arthur support the Pendleton Service Act?
He was assassinated because President Garfield had been killed by a man who had refused a patronage job
Why did the US annex Hawaii in 1898?
it was a refueling station on the way to the Philippines
Name 3 areas controlled by the US after the Spanish American war
Philippines, Cuba, Puerto Rico
Why did silver rights favor bimetallism?
They wanted to issue a large amount of paper money to provide resources to get out of the depression
3 factors in the growth of the print industry in the late 1800's
high quantity of cheap paper, very high literacy rates, the discovery of lightweight materials for book covers
What ethnic group was often employed in the southwest to build railroads and agriculture?
Why did gold bugs want to back dollars only with gold?
They wanted make sure paper money maintained a high value
Where did most urbanization occur In the late 19th century?
How did the Japanese benefit from the Gentleman's agreement?
They got to go to segregated schools
3 reasons America grew more interested in expanding in the late 19th century
Americans wanted to convert other people to Christianity, Americans were richer, more numerous, and more productive than ever, America wanted to compete with Europeans for foreign territories
What is a term for a sensational style of writing that exaggerates the news to lure and engage the readers?
How were literacy tests for blacks different from those of whites?
They were a lot harder, and sometimes given in foreign languages
Where did most new Immigrants come from after 1890?
Southern and Eastern Europe
What promises was Cuba forced before it gained independence in 1902?
refrain from treaties that threatened its independence, they had to allow America to intervene, they had to lease a military base to the US
How did Booker T Washington's approach to gaining rights for African Americans differ from DEB Du Bois?
Washington took a gradual approach
How did the US government use the science of aviation around 1920?
to send mail across the country
How was the election of 1896 won?
William McKinley won because of the fear of inflation caused by bimetallism
Why did some companies use violence to put down strikes?
Many workers supported socialism which businesses saw as a threat
How did the Grandfather Clause benefit poor whites?
It allowed them to vote even if they couldn't pay the poll tax as long as their grandfather was a citizen before 1867
What is the term for the late 19th century political movement that demanded people have a greater voice in government and supported farmers and laborers?
Where did most new immigrants go when they arrived in America?
They all clustered together in their ethnic communities
What movement pressured Christians to help improve working conditions and alleviate poverty?
Social Gospel Movement
What is the term of laws that segregated whites and blacks in private and public facilities?
Jim Crow Laws
How did political machines control cities?
The city boss would appoint ward bosses who would trade favors for votes
How did Chinese immigrants react to white's fear of job competition?
They sent their kids to segregated schools and segregated communities
What were three features that made business more dynamic and profitable in the late 19th century?
Vertical integration, mergers, stock options
What science was inspired by the need for open spaces in the middle of crowded cities?
What often happened to blacks who violated racial etiquette?
They got lynched, killed without a trial
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