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The People's Republic of China
Came into being in 1949; Current government of China; NOT the same as the Republic of China
Chinese Communist Party
Believed in the ideals of Lenin and the revolutionary vanguard; Differed from the Bolsheviks because they saw themselves as the champions of the peasantry and called for a peasant revolution, Bolsheviks were the defenders of the working class
Revolutionary group made up of members of the army who were considered nationalists; Responsible for overthrowing the Qing Dynasty and taking the emperor out of power
Republic of China
Existed from 1911 - 1949; No king or queen; Multiparty rule; Government that was plagued by civil war
Leader of the nationalist movement in China and transformed the movement into a legitimate political party
Also known as Chiang Kai-shek; Member of the Guomindang; Became the head of the Republic of China after his victory in the Chinese civil war
Original center of operations for the Chinese Communist Party because it had a large working-class population
Also known as the Peoples' Liberation Army; Created as the official military force of the Chinese Communist Party, now considered the largest fighting force in the world today
After fleeing from Shanghai, the Chinese Communist Party was centered in this city from the late 1920s to the early 1930s
The Long March
Effort by the communists to escape the nationalist party, covered about 8,000 miles from 1934 - 1944 from Hunan to Shanxi in northern China
Japan seized control over this Chinese province and caused the outbreak of the Second Sino-Japanese War
Took place in 1937; Showed how brutally Japan was willing to treat the Chinese to take over their government; Hundreds of thousands of people were killed in one city
Known today as Taiwan; Region where Jiang Jeishi fled to when the communists rose to power in China
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