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20 terms

The Rise of the People's Republic of China

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The People's Republic of China
Came into being in 1949; Current government of China; NOT the same as the Republic of China
Mao Zedong
Ruler of Chinese communist party, one of the founders of the People's Republic of China
Chinese Communist Party
Believed in the ideals of Lenin and the revolutionary vanguard; Differed from the Bolsheviks because they saw themselves as the champions of the peasantry and called for a peasant revolution, Bolsheviks were the defenders of the working class
Qing Dynasty
Also know as the Manchu Dynasty; Ruled from 1644 to 1911
Wuchang Uprising
Revolutionary group made up of members of the army who were considered nationalists; Responsible for overthrowing the Qing Dynasty and taking the emperor out of power
Mandate from Heaven
Authority of the emperor came from the divine order
Republic of China
Existed from 1911 - 1949; No king or queen; Multiparty rule; Government that was plagued by civil war
Sun Yat-sen
Leader of the nationalist movement in China and transformed the movement into a legitimate political party
Guomindang
Political created in 1912; Became dominant party in the Republic of China
Jiang Jeishi
Also known as Chiang Kai-shek; Member of the Guomindang; Became the head of the Republic of China after his victory in the Chinese civil war
Chen Duxiu
Founder of the Chinese Communist Party created in 1921
Shanghai
Original center of operations for the Chinese Communist Party because it had a large working-class population
Red Army
Also known as the Peoples' Liberation Army; Created as the official military force of the Chinese Communist Party, now considered the largest fighting force in the world today
Hunan
After fleeing from Shanghai, the Chinese Communist Party was centered in this city from the late 1920s to the early 1930s
The Long March
Effort by the communists to escape the nationalist party, covered about 8,000 miles from 1934 - 1944 from Hunan to Shanxi in northern China
Manchuria
Japan seized control over this Chinese province and caused the outbreak of the Second Sino-Japanese War
Second Sino-Japanese War
Japanese effort to take over China that began in 1932
Nanking Massacre
Took place in 1937; Showed how brutally Japan was willing to treat the Chinese to take over their government; Hundreds of thousands of people were killed in one city
Farmosa
Known today as Taiwan; Region where Jiang Jeishi fled to when the communists rose to power in China
Deng Xiaoping
Communist leader of China until 1997