25 terms

Hist105-Test3-Pierce election-5

election of 1852
want to minimize differences and not separate north and south
franklin pierce
pro-south yankee
new hampshire
doesnt want to address issues
unite southern rights men in the free soil party
winfield scott
endorsed compromise of 1850
abolitinist idea
last gasp of whig party
pierce presidency issues
add additional territory that would be slave
gadsden puchase
gadsden purchase
10 million dollars for small strip of land along southern border of new mexico, helps provide land for construction of railroad across souther us (el paso to los angeles)
kansas-nebraska act
douglass makes bill in opposition to jefferson davis who wants railroad in south, he wants it from chicago to california to facilitate western states
forget MO compromise, settlers decide by pop sov
nebraska expected under pop sov
nebraska will be free state because its next to illinois
kansas expected under pop sov
will be slave because its next to missouri
douglass thoughts on kansas
thinks will be voted free because its populated by nothern farmers and free soil immigrants
didnt have soil for cotton so slavery wouldnt work
trick: give south pop sov and they vote to be free
effects of K-N act
whig and democratic parties fracture
new political party: republican
new republican party
primarily northern
abolitionist and free soilers
republican party
from old liberty party, northern whigs, free soilers, anti-slavery northern democrats
radical republicans
abolitionists, no compromise with slavery, advocate nullification of fugitive slave law
former whigs (reps)
moderate of republicans
maintain nation above all else
old democrats now reps
willing to use force to preserve the nation, 25% of party
issues are put aside for unity over slavery issues
bleeding kansas
violence in kansas, that effectively starts civil war
jayhawkers vs. border ruffians
northerners that came to vote
sent boxes wtih "bible on it but it was rifles "Beecher's Bibles"
border ruffians
from missouri
result of bleeding kansas
pro slavery legislature was elected and expelled the lawful ones
adopt drastic slave code
capitol offense to aid slaves
felony to question the legality of slavery in the territory
free stater govt in bleeding kansas
constitution as a free state, want to become a state
lawrence, KS
mob sets fire to free-state leader home, 1 casualty,
fanatical free soiler rise, john brown
john brown
after lawrence, leads sons and men to pro-slavery settlement to kill
his son is killed, swore he would die fighting for the cause
bloody civil war in kansas
2 million killed, john brown plans his revenge
free state forces win in 1858
charles sumner
speech about crime against kansas, denounces slavery and pro-slavery missourians who went to KS.
Attacks senator Butler of SC who supports calhoun
preston brooks
nephew of a.p. butler
rep in congress
attacks sumner by beating him, seen as hero in south, resigns