Like this study set? Create a free account to save it.

Sign up for an account

Already have a Quizlet account? .

Create an account


all the shared products of human group


a group of interdependent people who have organized in such a way as to share a common culure and feeling of unity

material culture

physical objects that people create and use eg automobiles, books, buildings, etc.

nonmaterial culture

abstract human creations eg beliefs, family patterns, ideas, languages, etc.

formal sanctions

a reward of punishment given by a formal organization or regulartory agency

informal sanctions

a spontaneous expression of approval or disapproval given by an individual or group

socials movement

long-term conscious effort to promote or prevent social change


the knowledge and tools that people use to manipulate their environment


the organization of written or spoken symbols into a standardized system


shared beliefs about what is good or bad, right or wrong, desireable or undesirable


anything that stands for something else

social control

enforcing of norms through either internal or external means


the process of spreading culture traits from one society to another


shared rules of conduct that tell people how to act in specific situations


norms that describe socially acceptable behavior but do not have great moral significance attached to them


written rules of conduct enacted and enforced by the government


norms that describe socially acceptable behavior and have great moral significance

culture trait

simplest level of culture - an individual tool, act or belief that is related to particular situation or need

culture complexes

cluster of interrelated culture traits


the process of adapting borrowed cultural traits

culture pattern

combination of a number of culture complexes into an interrelated whole

cultural universals

features common to all cultures


tendency to view one's own culture and group as superior

cultural relativism

the belief that cultures should be judged by their own standards rather than by applying the standards of another culture


group that share values, norms, and behaviors that are not shared by the entire population


group that rejects the major values, norms, and practices of the larger society and replaces them with a new set of culture patterns


system of beliefs or ideas that justifies the social, moral, religious, political, or economic interests through social movements


commitment to the full development of one's personality, talents and potential


extreme self-centeredness


process by which a norm becomes a part of an individual's personality and the conditioning that individual to conform to society's expectations


rewards or punishments used to enforce comformity to norms

positive sanctions

an action that rewards a particular kind of behavior

negative sanctions

a punishment or the threat of punishment used to enforce conformity

cultural lag

when some traits change rapidly, and the transformation of others may take considerable time

Please allow access to your computer’s microphone to use Voice Recording.

Having trouble? Click here for help.

We can’t access your microphone!

Click the icon above to update your browser permissions and try again


Reload the page to try again!


Press Cmd-0 to reset your zoom

Press Ctrl-0 to reset your zoom

It looks like your browser might be zoomed in or out. Your browser needs to be zoomed to a normal size to record audio.

Please upgrade Flash or install Chrome
to use Voice Recording.

For more help, see our troubleshooting page.

Your microphone is muted

For help fixing this issue, see this FAQ.

Star this term

You can study starred terms together

Voice Recording