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a plan orchestrated by Nazis to ensure German supremacy. It called for the elimination of Jews, non-conformists, homosexuals, non-Aryans, and mentally and physically disabled


A person who is prejudiced or hostile toward the Semitic people

Nuremberg Laws

placed severe restrictions on Jews in Nazi Germany, Examples include: Jews were prohibited from marrying non- Jews, attending schools or universities, holding government jobs, practicing law or medicine or publishing books.


systematic killing/extermination of a racial or cultural group

Wannsee Conference

meeting in which the "Final Solution" and use of concentration camps were decided in 1942


(Night of the Broken Glass) -- when mobs throughout Germany destroyed Jewish property and terrorized Jews


in Eastern Europe, an organized attack on a Jewish community


Nazi extermination camp in Poland; the largest center of mass murder during the Holocaust. Approximately one million Jews, Gypsies, Communists, and others were killed there

"Final Solution"

began in 1941 with a plan to "solve the Jewish question" of Europe. Germans in the Nazi government created a system to locate, capture, transport, and exterminate European Jews

Joseph Mengele

(AKA as the "Angel of Death") German SS officer and a physician in the Nazi concentration camp Auschwitz-Birkenau. Gained notoriety chiefly for being one of the SS physicians that would determine who was to be killed and who was to become a forced laborer. Also known for experimentation on humans.


SS paramilitary death squads that were responsible for mass killings, typically by shooting, of Jews in particular, but also significant numbers of other population groups and political categories.

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