Forensic Psych Ch. 2
Psychology of Police and Public Safety
Terms in this set (25)
Americans with Disabilities Act (ADA)
A federal law that guarantees equal opportunity for individuals with disabilities in state and local government services, public accommodations, employment, transportation, and telecommunications.
California Psychological Inventory (CPI)
A personality measure often used in the screening of law enforcement officers. It focuses on normal or adaptive personality traits, rather than on abnormal traits. Used by approx. 25% of police agencies for candidate screening.
In psychological testing, validity measured by comparing one test with another, already established one.
Emergencies and disasters that are nonroutine and unanticipated.
Early intervention system (EIS)
Also called an early warning system, this is a program that helps identify psychological and performance problems in law enforcement officers early and provide them with support services.
Early warning systems
See early intervention system.
Refers to situations in law enforcement where the level of force exceeds the level considered justifiable under the circumstances.
Stress that is outside of one's daily tasks. In the law enforcement context, they include frustrations with the courts, the prosecutor's office, the criminal process, the correctional system, the media, and public attitudes towards policing.
Face (or content) validity
Refers not to what a psychological test actually measures, but to what it superficially appears to measure.
Fitness-for-duty evaluations (FFDEs)
Assessments conducted to determine the psychological ability of law enforcement officers to perform their essential job functions, particularly after experiencing a major stressful event.
Inwald Personality Inventory (IPI)
Developed for use with corrections officers, this personality inventory is used by some clinicians to measure personality in law enforcement officers as well.
Identification and analysis of the skills, abilities, knowledge, and psychological characteristics that are needed to do a job.
Minnesota Multiphasic Personality Inventory - Revised (MMPI-2)
Self-administered personality inventory used in numerous contexts, including law enforcement screening.
NEO Personality Inventory - Revised (NEO PI-R)
Personality inventory based on the five-factor model of personality traits.
Refers to the emotional and stressful effects that the policies and practices of the police department have on the individual officer.
Stress related to marital relationships, health problems, addictions, peer group pressures, feelings of helplessness, and depression, and lack of achievement.
Personality Assessment Inventory (PAI)
A self-administered, objective inventory of adult personality that provides information on critical clinical variables.
A set of behaviors and attitudes that are presumed to be characteristic of individuals involved in law enforcement work, such as suspicion, toughness, and protectiveness of other law enforcement officers.
Post-shooting traumatic reaction (PSTR)
Represents a collection of emotions and psychological response patterns that may occur after a law enforcement officer shoots a person in the line of duty.
The extent to which a test predicts a person's subsequent performance on the dimensions and tasks the test in designed to measure.
Preemployment psychological screening
The psychological evaluation that is conducted prior to a conditional offer of employment.
Intended to identify those attributes (almost invariably personality) that distinguish one candidate over another as being potentially a more effective police officer.
Designed to eliminate those law enforcement applicants who demonstrate significant signs of psychopathology or emotional instability or who lack the basic ability or mental acuity to perform the job in a safe and responsible manner.
Sixteen Personality Factor Questionnaire (16-PF)
A psychological instrument with good validity and reliability used to measure normal or core personality traits in adults. Does not necessarily predict success in law enforcement.
Stress related to the nature of the work itself. In a law enforcement context, for example, this includes the possibility of being killed in the line of duty.