Geography Vocab - The Development Gap
Terms in this set (40)
Government taxes on imported or exported goods.
Money, food, training or technology given by rich countries to poorer, either to help after an emergency or for long-term development
Aid given by one government to another, may include trade tied to aid.
Aid used to provide basic health care, clean water, and money for education
Aid given free from NGO's (non-governmental organisations) such as charities
Money owed to others, such as to a bank or a global organisation
Forgiving a debt in part or total - writing it off
The country giving aid
IMF (International Monetary Fund)
Formed in 1944 but now has 188 member countries - an international organisation working to foster global financial co-operation, stability and fair trade.
Sums of money that at some point in the future have to be paid back with interest.
Long term aid
Aid given over a long time to improve development e.g. training
Countries at further stages of development give money to international organisations e.g IMF or the UN, which then redistribute it to development projects in countries at lesser stages of development
Receiving / recipient country
The country receiving aid.
Aid given after a disaster e.g tents and medicine
Aid used to provide governments with funds for development
UN (United Nations)
Formed in 1945, but now has 193 member countries - an inter-governmental organisation working to promote international co-operation including maintaining international peace and security, promoting human rights, fostering social and economic development, protecting the environment and providing humanitarian aid.
CAP (Common Agricultural Policy)
A policy to support and control farming in the EU
The centre of a country or region, economically. Businesses thrive; people have oppuntunities and are relatively wealthy. A highly developed area.
The edge of a country or region in terms of economics. It mah not be physically on the edge, but is a more remote, difficult area where people tend to be poorer, and have fewer opportunities. A less well-developed area.
European Investment Bank
The EU's non-profit, long term lending insitution, who invest in regional development in Europe. EU member countries contribute to the EIB according to their size and wealth.
Agricultural producers are paid a fair price for produce, to improve their standard of living.
When countries have a need of or are reliant on each other.
Primary Product Dependance
Relying on one product for income, e.g a country relying on oil.
Development that meets the needs of the present without compromising the ability of future generations to meet their own needs. It takes into account social, economic and enviromental development.
The exchange of goods and services between countries
Several countries grouped together to trade with reduced barriers, e.g The EU
Access to safe water
The proportion of the population who have reasonable means of getting clean, safe drinking water located within a convenient distance from their dwelling.
Statistics used to show and compare development
The number of live births per 1000 people per year, e.g. 17/1000
The number of children that die on or before their 5th birthday, per 1000 live births per year.
The number of deaths per 1000 people per year, e.g. 12/1000.
GNP (Gross National Product)
The total value of all goods and services produced by a country in a year, including overseas (e.g America and McDonalds)
GNI per head
Gross National Income: a measure of country's total wealth - divided by the population.
HDI (Human Development Index)
An index of development, using life expectancy, literacy/schooling and PPP, with 1 being the best.
The number of children born alive who die on or before their first birthday per 1000 per year.
The number of years from birth a person is expected to live.
The % of adults in a country who can read and write sufficiently to fully function in work and society
People per doctor
The number of medical doctors (physicians) per 1000 of the population
(Physical Quality of Life Index) An index of development, using life expectancy, literacy and infant mortality.
(Purchasing Power Parity) The strength of someone's income within a country
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