a classification of organisms
(linneaus) 2 word naming system; this is the species
Group of closely related species, and the first part of the scientific name in binomial nomenclature
larger group than species
broader category composed of similar families
several different classes
large category in classifying organisms; closely related phyla
most inclusive taxonomic category; larger than kingdom
evolutionary relationships microorganisms
rod shaped bacteria
sphere shaped bacteria
spiral shaped bacteria
prokaryotes that take in organic molecules for both energy and or carbon
using sunlight for energy and need to take in organic compounds as carbon source
use light energy to convert co2 and h2o to carbon compounds and co2
make organic compounds from co2; don't regulate light
organism that doesn't require a constant supply of oxygen
an organism that needs oxygen in order to live
an organism that can live with or without oxygen
asexual; when prokaryotic cells that double in size, replicate DNA, and divides into 2 daughter cells.
form of sexual reproduction in which paramecium and some prokaryotes exchange genetic information
a structure bacteria form when the environmental conditions become unfavorable
process of converting nitrogen gas to a form plants can use; recycles nitrogen through atmosphere
particle made up of nucleic acid, protein, and in only some cases, lipids that can replicate only by infecting living cells; nonliving
outer protein coat of a virus
virus that infects bacteria
inject nucleic acid into a host cell and the host cell bursts and releases 1000s of viruses
host cell doesn't burst right away, remains inactive for a short period of time
the viral DNA that is embedded in the host cell's DNA
virus that contains RNA as its genetic information
a preparation of weakened or killed pathogens
compound that blocks the growth and reproduction of bacteria
single-stranded RNA molecule that has no surrounding capsids
infectious particle made up of protein rather than RNA or DNA
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