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Chap.8 - AP Human Geography Review: Political Geography QUESTIONS
From chapter 8 of Rubinstein
Terms in this set (102)
What is the world's largest state?
What is the world's smallest state?
What is the world's most populous and largest colony as of today and a commonwealth of the united States?
What is the world's least populated colony, also a possession of the United Kingdom?
The condition of roughly equal strength between opposing countries or alliances of countries is what?
Balance of Power
The invisible line that marks the extent of a state's territory is what?
A sovereign state comprising a city and its immediate hinterland is what?
A territory that is legally tied to a sovereign state rather than being completely independent.
An attempt made by one country to establish settlements and to impose its political, economic, and cultural principles in another country is what?
A state in which the distance from the center to any boundary does not vary significantly, with good communication
A state with a long, narrow shape, poor communication, some areas are very far away from the capital
Give examples of an elongated state.
Malawi, Chile, Italy, and Gambia
An internal organization of a state that allocates most powers to units of local government, delegated power
Which countries in Europe are switching to Federal System of government?
France and Poland
A state that includes several disconnected pieces of territory, they could be separated by water or and intervening state, typically have low communication
Give examples of fragmented states.
Tanzania, Indonesia, Angola, Russia, and Panama, US
A zone separating two states in which neither state excercizes political control
Give an example of a frontier.
Borders between Saudi Arabia and its neighbors, and the Aozou strip
Process of redrawing legislative boundaries for the purpose of benefiting the party of power
Name places where gerrymandering is present.
North Carolina and Florida
Control of territory already occupied and organized by and indigenous group
The European colonization of Africa and Asia is often called _________.
A state that does not have direct outlet to the sea
Where are landlocked states most common?
A state that encompasses a very small area
Microstates are often ______, which explains both their small size and siveregnty
Examples of microstates:
Andorra, Antigua, Barbuda, Bahrain......
A state that completely surrounds another, they are dependent on the internal state for importing
Examples of perforated states:
South Africa (Lethoso) and Senegal (Gambia)
An otherwise compact state with a large projecting extension, trouble for access because of the disruption
Example of prorupted state:
Congo and Namibia
Ability of a state to govern its territory free of its internal affairs by other state
An area organized into a political unit and ruled by an established government with control over its internal foreign affairs
An internal organization of a state that places most power in the hands of a central government officials, centralized government, works best in nation-states, enables ethnic dominance
Where are unitary states most common?
What are the five basic shapes of states?
Compact, perforated, elongated, prorupted, fragmented
What are the three types of physical boundaries?
Mountain, Desert, and Water
What are the three cultural boundaries?
Geometric, Religious, and Language
Example of mountain boundary?
Argentina and Chile divided by Anded
Example of desert boundary?
Sahara separates northern and southern Africa
Example of a water boundary?
Rio Grande separates the US from Mexico
Example of a geometric boundary?
US and Canada
Example of religious boundary?
Northern Ireland (UK) - Protestant
Ireland (Republic of Ireland) - Roman Catholic
Example of language boundary?
Europe after Yugoslavia was split up (split up based on language)
A boundary based on a territory legally or politically attached to a territory which is not physically contiguous; territory belonging to one state that is separated from it by the territory of another state
A territory entirely surrounded by another territory
Why was the European union developed?
To promote economic development in member states, i.e. Western Europe
Was the European Union social, political, or economical.
Economical; adopted a common currency (Euro)
Type of multi-national organization where negotiated power is delegated to an authority by governments of member state; UN, IRA, combining of states for economic purpose
Is the UN social, economical, or political?
Social: brings peace among nationalities
Political: helps governments work together
What is the size of a microstate?
Smaller than 1,000 sq. km
What is the most populous state not in the UN?
How many countries does the UN recognize, excluding Sudan?
What is Taiwan considered according to the Chinese government?
Province of China
Who creates the border between North and South Korea?
US and USSR
Where did the idea for the earliest states come from?
What and where were the first states?
City-states; Fertile Crescent
What is the ideal shape of a compact state?
Fragmented states are separated by what?
Water or Interveening states
What is the largest supernational organization?
What supranational organization was created after WWI and failed?
League of Nations
What event urged countries to create the UN?
What military alliances were created after WWII and involved many European countries?
Warsaw pact and NATO
What supranational organization replaced the Organization of African Unity?
The systematic use of violence by a group in order to intimidate a population or to coerce a government into granting its demands.
What is the difference between terrorism and assassinations?
Terrorism: aimed at ordinary groups of people
Assassination: against people of great power/leaders
Which country has owned the North and South Korea prior to the world wars?
What is the only large landmass not part of a sovereign state?
What were the motives to colonizing Europe?
1. Promote Christianity (God)
2. Extract resources (Gold)
3. Establish power through their colonies (Glory)
What is the largest geometric boundary not guarded by military forced?
Who created the heartland theory?
Where were nation states mostly used?
What was the primary purpose of the UN?
When the British settles in the Americas, was it considered colonialism or imperialism?
What was the result of the EU?
1. Common currency was created (Euro)
2. Economies prospered
3. There was a balance in power
Do China and Taiwan have official relationships with the US?
Were China and Taiwan once ruled by Nationalists?
This area followed the Tigris and Euphrates river, had the first city-states, and sometimes is considered to extend to the Nile
By 1990, The British could claim all but which of the following about their empire?
A) The sun never set on it
B) Their colonies were located on every continent
C) Their largest colonies had become independent by then
D) Their empire was larger than that of any European state
E) Their empire controlled strategic islands in the Atlantic, Pacific, and Indian oceans
The most populous remaining colony is rule by who?
The United States
Which is more common, a frontier or a boundary?
Why did the Germans establish the proruption known as the Caprivi Strip in Namibia?
1. Access to resources in central Africa
2. Disruption of British communications
3. Access to the Zambezi river
How were boundaries redrawn after WWI?
The problems experiences by Cyprus during the past four decades include all but which of the following?
A) a Turkish army invasion
B) an increasing spatial segregation of Greeks and Turks
C) A Greek-inspired military coup
D) A partition of the island by the British
E) division of the capital city by a buffer zone patrolled by UN soldiers
Why have many states adopted a federal form of government?
Grant different ethnicities or nationalities more effective representation
An economic and cultural alliance of states once part of the British Empire?
Is Al-Qaeda a single unified organization?
A group of people who share language, common history, ethnicity, religion, and other cultural traits
Examples of nations
Basques and Kurds
What did NAFTA do?
Eliminated trade barriers in North America, tried to combine US, Canada, and Mexico
Why was NATO created?
To fight against the Soviet Union
What did the Heartland theory say?
If you control Eurasia and Europe you can rule the world
What did the Rimland theory say?
Wrap around hearltand to cut off their access to the water and you need strong Navy to rule the world
The first states in ancient Mesopotomia were ______.
What has happened to the number of sovereign states in the past half century?
Increased by more than a hundred
What is a good example of a nation divided between two states?
Does China and Taiwan think that their states combine to form one sovereign state?
Is a frontier an area or a line?
Why is conflict so widespread in Africa?
European colonial powers drew inappropriate boundaries in the late 19th century
An example of a nation divided among more than one state
Why do states cooperate with each other?
For political, economical, and military reasons
the belief that one's own culture is the best of other cultures.
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