World History Ch#2 SG
Terms in this set (49)
Which natural feature was the location of Ancient China?
North China Plain
Which natural barrier lies between India and China?
Which river ran next to the cities of Yangzhou and Panlogcheng?
The Chang Jiang
What was located next to the east of ancient China?
What region of the Shang Dynasty did the Zhou not occupy?
the land south of the Chang Jiang
At what time did the Egyptians and the Mesopotamians begin to trade with one another?
When did the Indus valley civilization collapse?
1900 - 1700 BC
When did the Narmer unite Upper and Lower Egypt?
When did the first civilization develop?
2200 - 1750 BC
What occurred about the same time Sargon established his empire?
trade between Mesopotamia and the Indus Valley developed
the arc of land that falls between the Persian Gulf and Mediterranean Sea
rulers of Egypt seen as gods
belief in more than one god
ruled for 500 years, first to leave written records
supreme god during china's first several hundred years as a civilization
recognized that a single, uniform code of laws would help unify diverse groups within its empire
rose along the Indus river, characterized for city planning
an ancient Egyptian writing system in which pictures were used to represent ideas
a series of rulers from a single family
a symbol for a word or phrase
area by the Tigris and Euphrates rivers
a government in which the ruler is viewed as a divine figure
a political unit in which a number of peoples or coutries are controlled by a single ruler
first set of laws
mandate of heaven
gives power to the dynasty in charge
massive structures with square base and four triangular sides
political system with nobles granted the use of lands legally in exchange or loyalty, military service, protection
city - state
a city and its surrounding lands functioning as an independent political unit
civilization of northeaster africa
belief in many gods
a series of rulers from the same family
How do we know that the people of Indus Valley traded with the Sumerians
they found artifacts
Why do we know so little about the Indus Valley civilization
its written language has not been decifered
What did Egyptian and Mesopotamian society have in common?
women could persue careers and own property
How did Sargon and Akkad form the first empire?
by taking control of northern and southern mesopotamia
Why were Egyptian farmers more fortunate than the farmers of Mesopotamia?
the Nile flooded at regular intervals, Tigris & Euphrates flooded irregularly
What did the pyramids show about the Old Kingdom dynasties of Egypt?
strong leadership and economy, government, good supply of stone, well developed math and engineering skills
Which of the following distinguished the cities of the Indus Valley?
cities were planned and had their own sewers and plumbing
How did feudalism in china fail in the end to fulfill its original purpose?
instead of maintaining Zouh control it led to independant lords
What was a major advantage of the Chinese system of writing?
people all over China could read it, even if they spoke other languagews
How did the mandate of heaven affect government in china?
it allowed rulers to justify the overthrow of a declining dynasty
Essay: What was most important about Hammurabi's code, both in terms of its value to the Mesopotamian civilization and what it reveals about that society?
the code is a bunch of laws - applied to all members of Mesopotamia, shows that life was rough, harsh punishments - laws were posted - punishments varied by crime and social class
What religious beliefs did each of the civilizations covered in this chapter develop? How did they differ?
all polytheistic - sumarians, indus, chinese -- sumarians = nature -- egyptians = nature, pharohs were gods - indus = begining of hindu religion, sheiva - chinease = 1 supreme god, many little gods, worship ancestors
What role did major rivers play in the development of early civilizations?
trade, fertile soils (silt), water, plumbing, fishin, irrigation
What do you think was the most important achievement of each of the civilizations discussed in this chapter? Explain you choices.
egyptians - writing, pyramids -- indus - grid system -- sumarians - laws, writing -- chinese - mathmatics
How were all of the major early civilizations similar? Describe three ways in which all of the major civilizations discussed in this chapter were similar?
rivers, flooding, polytheistic
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