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45 terms

world war 2

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Third Reich
German Empire
Rome Berlin Axis Pact
This was a treaty signed between Fascist brothers Adolph Hitler and Benito Mussolini. They assured an alliance with each other while agreeing to support each other against Allied powers.
Francisco Franco
Dictator of Spain
Quarantine
FDR's belief that aggressive nations need to be isolated & ignored.
Neutrality Acts
keeps US out of conflict; outlawed sale of arms and loans to countries in war.
Non-Aggression Pact
Hitler signs a pact with Stalin which says they will not go to war with each other and will give a part of Poland to the Soviet Union.
Munich Pact
Edourd Daladier & Neville Chamberlain sign this handing over the Sudetenland to Hitler.
Appeasement
pacifying of an aggressor
Edourd Daladier & Neville Chamberlain
signed Sudetenland to Hitler
Invasion of Poland
not fully mobilized, defeated in 3 weeks b/c they did not receive help
Danzig
a port city of northern Poland near the mouth of the Vistula River on a gulf of the Baltic Sea
Blitzkrieg
lighting war
Stages of Blitzkrieg
first they selected their target, then stuka dive bombers were send in to soften the enemy up, destroy all the hospitals, railroads, communication centers, civilian centers to create mass confusion. Then most troops were moved by half track vehicles so there was no real need for roads. Dive bombers elimination men marching in refuge.
Sitzkreig
"Phony War", period of no fighting
Invasion of the Low Countries
Norway, Denmark, Netherlands, Belgium, and Luxembourg.
Battle of France
May 1940- French and Britain help Belgium.
Magniot Line
350 mile system of walls, fortifications and underground tunnels. Designed to protect the French from the Germans which failed.
Battle of Dunkirk
French and British troops stranded at Dunkirk which was the coast of the English Chanel. Under heavy fire and no air to support.
Operation Dynamo
rescue mission which rescued 300,000 men. Bought them to the english shores.
Battle of Atlantic
longest military campaign; German U-boats attack US ships-> allied ships to stop trade and supplies
Luftwaffe
the German airforce
RAF
Britain's Royal Air Force
Winston Churchill
British statesman and leader during World War II
Operation Sea Lion
attack on Western Europe
Operation Barbarossa
invasion of Russia
Axis Power
Germany, Italy, and Japan
Lend Lease Program
March 1941, $7 billion in aid to countries threatened
Atlantic Charter
1941-Pledge signed by US president FDR and British prime minister Winston Churchill not to acquire new territory as a result of WWII and to work for peace after the war
isolationism
a national policy of avoiding involvement in world affairs
weaknesses of the treaty of Versailles
the treaty humiliated Germany; it made Germany take full responsibility for the war; Germany was stripped of its colonial possessions in the Pacific.
European depression
WWI reparations; turned to Hitler for aid
benito Mussolini
Italian fascist dictator (1883-1945)
II Duce
Benito Mussolini's nickname when he came into power and it means the 'duke' or the 'leader'
fascist
belief in dictatorship
joseph stalin
Communist dictator of the Soviet Union
Bolsheviks
Led by Vladimir Lenin it was the Russian communist party that took over the Russian goverment during WWI
great purge
Beginning in 1934, Stalin's plan to eliminate all opposition to his Communist government.
5 year plan
Stalin's economics. Forced, rapid industrialization, targets for production. Devastating to agriculture, complete state takeover
totalitarian
characterized by a government in which the political authority exercises absolute and centralized control
furhur
supreme leader of germany
swastika
symbol of the Nazi party
german worker's party
Previous name of the Nazi party
nazis
National Socialist Party; political group led by hitler that rose to power in Germany in the 1930s
mein kampf
'My Struggle' by hitler, later became the basic book of nazi goals and ideology, reflected obsession
sudetenland
portion of Czechoslovakia claimed by Hitler.