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keeping an army ready and glorifying it.

Triple Alliance

Germany, Austria-Hungry, and Italy formed an alliance

Kaiser Wilhelm 2

Ruler of Germany, made Bismark resign

Triple Entente

Britain made an alliance with France and Russia. Britian was not obligated to fight

Central Powers

Germany, Austria-Hungry, Bulgaria, Ottoman Empire


United Kingdom, France, Russian Empire, Italy, Japan

Schlieffen Plan

Battle strategy that attacked and defeated France in the west and then rushed East to fight Russia

Total War

Countries put in all of their resources to win the war

Woodrow Wilson

President of the U.S. Wilson set up a series of peace agreements call the Fourteen Points. Went to congress to initiate war

Georges Clemenceau

He was the French representative at the Paris Peace Conference in 1919. He pushed for a revenge-based treaty at Versailles, hampering the 14 points.

Fourteen Points

planned out a plan for everlasting peace after WW1


the right of people to choose their own form of government

Treaty of Versailles

the treaty imposed on Germany by the Allied powers in 1920 after the end of World War I which demanded exorbitant reparations from the Germans

League of Nations

an international organization formed in 1920 to promote cooperation and peace among nations- formed becuase of the Treaty of Versailles


a ruler has unlimited power and uses it poorly


the working class would rule the country


Led by Vladimir Lenin it was the Russian communist party that took over the Russian goverment during WWI. Willing to sacrifice everything


Vladimir Ilyich. Leader of Bulsheviks

Provisional Government

A temporary government

Communist Party

a political party that actively advocates a communist form of government. Bulsheviks were renamed the Communist party after Karl Marx


Russian leader who succeeded Lenin as head of the Communist Party and created a totalitarian state by purging all opposition (1879-1953)


the principle of complete and unrestricted power in government

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