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22 terms

WW1

STUDY
PLAY
militarism
keeping an army ready and glorifying it.
Triple Alliance
Germany, Austria-Hungry, and Italy formed an alliance
Kaiser Wilhelm 2
Ruler of Germany, made Bismark resign
Triple Entente
Britain made an alliance with France and Russia. Britian was not obligated to fight
Central Powers
Germany, Austria-Hungry, Bulgaria, Ottoman Empire
Allies
United Kingdom, France, Russian Empire, Italy, Japan
Schlieffen Plan
Battle strategy that attacked and defeated France in the west and then rushed East to fight Russia
Total War
Countries put in all of their resources to win the war
Woodrow Wilson
President of the U.S. Wilson set up a series of peace agreements call the Fourteen Points. Went to congress to initiate war
Georges Clemenceau
He was the French representative at the Paris Peace Conference in 1919. He pushed for a revenge-based treaty at Versailles, hampering the 14 points.
Fourteen Points
planned out a plan for everlasting peace after WW1
Self-Determination
the right of people to choose their own form of government
Treaty of Versailles
the treaty imposed on Germany by the Allied powers in 1920 after the end of World War I which demanded exorbitant reparations from the Germans
League of Nations
an international organization formed in 1920 to promote cooperation and peace among nations- formed becuase of the Treaty of Versailles
autocracy
a ruler has unlimited power and uses it poorly
Proletariat
the working class would rule the country
Bolsheviks
Led by Vladimir Lenin it was the Russian communist party that took over the Russian goverment during WWI. Willing to sacrifice everything
Lenin
Vladimir Ilyich. Leader of Bulsheviks
Provisional Government
A temporary government
Communist Party
a political party that actively advocates a communist form of government. Bulsheviks were renamed the Communist party after Karl Marx
Stalin
Russian leader who succeeded Lenin as head of the Communist Party and created a totalitarian state by purging all opposition (1879-1953)
Totalitarianism
the principle of complete and unrestricted power in government