Imperialism Terms and Definitions
Terms in this set (34)
a policy in which a strong nation seeks to dominate other countries politically, economically, or socially.
the belief that one race is superior to others
the application of Charles Darwin's ideas about evolution and "survival of the fittest" to human societies-particularly as justification for imperialist expansion.
a meeting (1884-1885) at which representatives of European nations agreed upon rules for the European colonization of Africa.
ZULU, most influential monarch of the Zulu Kingdom
a dutch colonist of South Africa
conflict, lasting from 1899-1902, in which the Boers and the British fought for control of territory in South Africa
a policy of treating subject people as if they were children, providing for their needs but not giving them rights.
A policy in which a nation forces or encouraged a subject people to adopt is institutions and customs
Emperor of Ethiopia
an Indian soldier serving under British command
"jewel in the crown"
the British colony of India- so called because of its importance in the British Empire, both as a supplier of raw materials as a market for British trade goods.
an 1857 rebellion of Hindu and Muslim soldiers against the British in India.
British rule after India came under the British crown during the reign of Queen Victoria.
the lands surrounding the pacific ocean- especially those in Asia.
Phra Bat Somdet Phra Poramenthra Maha Mongkut Phra Chom Klao Chao Yu Hua. Embraced Western innovations and initiated the modernization of his country; Thailand
military leader and the first president of the Philippines
the adding of a region to the territory of an existing political unit.
Queen of Hawaii. Fought for Hawaii's independence
a conflict between Britain and China, lasting form 1839-1842, over Britain's opium trade in China
an exemption of foreign residents form the laws of a country
a mid-19th century rebellion against Qing Dynasty in China, led by Hong Xiuquan.
sphere of influence
a foreign region in which a nation has control over trade and other economic activities
Open Door Policy
a policy, proposed by the United states in 1899, under which all nations would have equal opportunities to trade in China
a 1900 revolt in China, aimed at ending foreign influence in the country
Treaty of Kanagawa
an 1854 agreement between the US and Japan, which opened two Japanese ports to US ships and allowed the US to set up an embassy in Japan
the period of Japanese history from 1867 to 1912, during which the country was ruled by Emperor Mutsuhito
a 1904-1905 conflict between Russia and Japan, sparked by the two countries' efforts to dominate Manchuria and Korea
a military dictator of a Latin American country
US policy of opposition to European interference in Latin America, announced by President James Monroe
fought for Cuba's independence.
an 1898 conflict between the US and Spain, in which the US supported Cubans' fight for independence
a human-made waterway connecting the Atlantic and Pacific oceans, built in Panama by the US and opened in 1914
Roosevelt's 1904 extension of the Monroe Doctrine, in which he declared that the US had the right to exercise "police power" throughout the Western Hemisphere
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