Strayer Chapter 13
Terms in this set (18)
Spanish conquistador who defeated the Aztecs and conquered Mexico
the great dying
The massive epidemic caused by Old World diseases after Columbian Exchange. It killed around 90% of the Native American (it also happened in parts of Asia and the Polynesian Islands).
Aztec woman who became an interpreter for Hernando Cortes during his conquest of the Aztec empire
The exchange of plants, animals, diseases, and technologies between the Americas and the rest of the world following Columbus's voyages.
Spanish-born citizens who came to Latin America. They were the rulers and highest social class.
A social class formed from the offspring of Spanish men and Native women. They grew to become the majority of people in the Spanish New World.
Agricultural system based on African slavery that was used in Brazil, the Caribbean, and the southern colonies of North America. It involved intense slave labor which led to very short life span for many slaves.
A social class in Brazil and the Caribbean formed of people with heritage from both African and Portuguese origin. Formed the middle social class, below Europeans, but above slaves.
Colonies in which the colonizing people settled in large numbers, rather than simply spending relatively small numbers to exploit the region. A particularly noteworthy case is the British colonies in North America.
The northeastern sector of Asia, which was rich in furs and traditionally hosted many nomadic people. Russia conquered the region and took advantage of the great number of furs.
Tribute that Russian rulers demanded from the native peoples of Siberia, most often in the form of furs.
Qing dynasty empire
Ruling dynasty of China from 1644 to 1912. The Qing rulers were originally from Manchuria (north of Korea).
Muslim state (1526-1857) which exercised control over most of India in the sixteenth and seventeenth centuries. A minority of Muslims ruled over a majority of Hindus.
A Muslim ruler of India during the period of Mughal rule. Famous for his religious tolerance, his investment in rich cultural feats, and the creation of a centralized governmental administration, which was not typical of ancient and post-classical India.
Mughal emperor in India under whom the empire reached its greatest extent, only to collapse after his death. He was very intolerant of Hinduism, seeking to purify Islam of its influences.
Sunni islamic state founded by Osman in northwestern Anatolia. After the fall of the Byzantine Empire, the Ottoman Empire was based at Istanbul (formerly Constantinople) from 1453-1922. It encompassed lands in the Middle East, North Africa, the Caucasus, and eastern Europe.
The capital and last outpost of the Byzantine Empire fell to Ottoman invaders.
'Selection' in Turkish. The system by which boys from Christian communities were taken by the Ottoman state to be converted and to serve as Janissaries.