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65 terms

Bio 1421 test 3

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Which of these is NOT a characteristic of all animals?
All of these are characteristics of all animals
Which of the following animal phyla is distinguished by a lack of tissues?
sponges
Cephalization in the animal kingdom is
concentration of sensory structures in the head
Between the organs and the body wall, complex animals have a body cavity called a
coelom
How can flatworms survive without a respiratory system?
All of these are true
Of all of the invertebrate phyla, only members of this can fly.
arthopoda
Ecdysozoans are protostomes that
include mollusks, annelids, and flatworms
The great size and mobility of the vertebrates is associated with ________
lightweight endoskeletons
Which of the following features is absent in lancelots?
a backbone
Jellyfish are most closely related to which group?
corals
The heartworms that can accumulate within the hearts of dogs and other mammals have pseudocoelom, a digestive tract, and other covering that is occasionally shed. To which phylum does the heartworm belong?
Nematode
A worm-like, segmented animal with two pairs of jointed legs per segment is probably a
millipede
Which of the following characteristics explains why insects are so successful at dispersing to distant environments?
wings
Protostomes that have an open circulatory system and an exoskeleton of chitin are part of which phylum?
Cnidaria
Protostome animals that have a unique tissue that secretes a calcium carbonate shell around themselves are the
Mollusca
Which of the following phyla includes deuterostomes that have an endoskeleton
echinodermata
Which of the following is a shared characteristic of all chordates?
dorsal, hollow nerve cord
Which of these are characteristics of all chordates during at least a portion of their development?
A, B, and C
Chordate pharyngeal slits appear to have functioned first as
components of the jaw
Which group's members have both lungs and gills during their adult lives?
lungfishes
Humans most frequently acquire trichinosis by
eating undercooked pork
The leeches used by doctors to prevent blood clotting and stimulate blood vessel growth in patients recovering from reconstructive surgery are members of the phylum
Annelida
The phylum Nematoda includes these very common organisms, often found in soil.
roundworms
The taxonomic group containing the largest and most intelligent invertebrates is
Cephalopoda
The dominant animal phylum in terms of diversity and richness is
arthropoda
Adult echinoderms that have radial symmetry lack_________
a head
Which of the following is NOT a group of chordates?
Echinodermata
Which of the following has a ventral nerve cord?
earthworm
Lancelet characteristics include
all of these
A lamprey is a __________
jawless fish
Class Chondrichthyes includes
sharks
A tadpole is an _______
`amphibian
Birds are now included in the _______ phylum, which they resemble in having scales on their legs and number of the same internal organs
reptile
Reptilian embryos will not dry out in a desert habitat because
reptiles produce shelled amniote eggs
The animals most like the ancestral protozoan colonies that likely gave rise to animals are:
sponges
A radially symmetrical animal that has two embryonic tissue layers probably belongs to which phylum?
Cnidaria
Which of these is not considered an amniote?
amphibians
In which vertebrates is fertilization exclusively internal?
reptiles and mammals
What is the single unique characteristic that distinguishes the birds from other living vertebrates?
feathers
Monotremes differ from other mammals in that they
lay eggs
_______ are the mammals with the most number of species.
rodents
Phylum Chordata includes all these EXCEPT
squids
Swim bladders are present in ______ fishes.
ray-finned
A turtle is a
reptile
Birds are part of a related group of vertebrates that includes all of the
reptiles
The cnidarian that produces a calcium carbonate 'house" is a
coral
Which of the following is NOT a group of vertebrates?
echinodermata
Which of the following phyla includes deuterostomes that have an endoskeleton?
echinodermata
Which characteristic do birds share with mammals?
a four-chambered heart
Adult tunicates resemble invertebrate animals more than they resemble vertebrates. Why are they classified as chordates?
tunicate larvae have all of the above characteristics
A marsupial is a
pouched animal
The phylum Nematode includes very common animals; some are parasitic and are often found in soil
roundworms
Worms with a well-developed circulatory system and five pairs of hearts are
earthworms
Which of these has a closed circulatory system?
annelids
The dominant phylum in terms of diversity is
Arthropoda
A grasshopper has an elaborately branching system of tubes within its body used for gas exchange. These tubes are called
trachea
Which of the following uses a radula to scrape food into its mouth?
snail
Lampreys have reduced the sizes of many commercial fish populations in the Great Lakes because they
are parasites on those fish species
Lungfish are classified as
lobe-finned fishes
The _______ is NOT a marsupial
echidna
________ are the mammals with the most number of species.
rodents
The major recent problem faced by amphibians is
all of these
Segmentation is importnat in the evolution on animals because
it allows for specialization of function
Sponge cells may be supported by an internal skeleton of spicules composed of
any of these
A tunicate is an
invertebrate chordate