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20 terms

Bio 1421 quiz 1

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A tree in your yard is home to two blue jays, a colony of carpenter ants, a yellowjacket's nest, two squirrels, and millions of bacteria. Together, these organisms represent
a community
The process of homeostasis is:
how organisms maintain a constant internal environment
The theory that "organisms can modify their bodies through the use or disuse of parts, and these modifications can be passed on to their offspring" was formulated by
Lamarck
Evidence that supports the theory of evolution is found in the studies of
all of these
Mammalian appendages with similar bone structures can be used for flying, swimming, running, or grasping. These are examples of _______ structures.
homologous
The human appendix is an example of a
vestigial structure
Before the modern era of science, organisms were assigned to species categories on the basis of
capability of interbreeding
Which of the following groups of organisms contains prokaryotic cells?
Bacteria and Archaea
Organisms that can make their own food are called _______; organisms that must obtain energy fron molecules made by other organisms are called ________.
autotroph, heterotroph
Which kingdom below contains eukaryotic members?
all of these
Unrelated organisms living under similar environments that evolve similar appearing structures, undergo
convergent evolution
Dolphins (mammals) and sharks (fish) have stiff dorsal fins projecting from their backs that help them maneuver through water. These structures are best described as
analogous structures
_______ may have evolved from aerobic bacteria and _______ may have evolved from photosynthetic cyanobacteria engulfed by predatory cells.
mitochondria; chloroplasts
_______ eliminated the need for water for reproduction in the plants.
pollen
Populations of living organisms once considered separate species are now sometimes assigned to the same species because:
it was discovered that they can produce viable and fertile hybrid offspring
Which of the following is NOT homologous to the others?
insect wing
Two different species of pine release their pollen at different times. This is an example of
temporal isolation
Which of these is the most important cause of extinction?
environmental change
The scientist usually given credit for disproving the theory of spontaneous generation of bacteria was:
Pasteur
It has been proposed that the first atmosphere of Earth had all the following gases EXCEPT:
O2