the formation of blood cells in the living body (especially in the bone marrow)
Prefix meaning blood
four types of bone
long, short, flat, and irregular
humerus or upper arm bone
carpals or wrist bones
frontal or skull bones
vertebrae or spinal bones
like a sesame seed: or round bones
a small flat triangular bone in front of the knee that protects the knee joint ; sesamoid
shaft: a hollow tube made of hard compact bone, hence a rigid and strong structure light enough in weight to permit easy movement
hollow area inside the diaphysis of the bone that contains soft yellow bone marrow, an inactive, fatty form of marrow found in the adult skeleton
ends of long bone: red bone marrow fills in small spaces in the spongy bone composing
a thin layer of cartilage covering each epiphysis; functions like small rubber cushion would if it were placed over the ends of bones where they form a joint
a strong fibrous membrane covering a long bone everywhere except at joint surfaces, where it is covered by articular cartilage
a thin membrane that lines the medullary cavity
compact (dense) bone
is a thin layer surrounding cancellous
also know as the spongy bone or diploe in flat bone: is on the inside of the thin layer of compact bone
are the bony portions of the spongy bone that surround the open spaces
bone and cartilage
the skeletal systems two major type of connective tissues
Concentric rings made up of groups of hollow tubes of bone matrix
contains blood vessels and nerves
mature bone cells that maintain the bone matrix
were formerly the active bone building cells called osteoblasts
small spaces between the lamellae which contain osteocytes
passageways connecting lacunae to each other and to the central canal
Outer most fibrous layer that supplies blood and nerves to the bone
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