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27 terms

Modern Test 3 Part 3 Latin America

STUDY
PLAY
1934
year Cuba becomes indep (was like a US procterate)
Batista 1934- 1959
DATES; a soldier; non-wealthy background; rigged elections; leader of Cuba; US cuts off aid to him March 1958
Castro
(1926- ); fairly wealthy background; went to university; parents from Sp; he & bro (Raul) lead attack on military base (July 26, 1953)- failure, 15 yrs jail, bt let out early; 1955 meet Che Guevara in Mexico; 1956 land on Cuban coast- make it back to mountains to form guerrilla group; finally comes out as a comm in 1961; comes to pwr Jan 1959: gets control/ side of military, nationalizes things, expropriates any large farm, repudiates the Rio Pact, arrests anti-Castro peep (they flee to FL); 1960: trade embargo begins- he turns to USSR for oil; Jan 3, 1961: US break diplomatic relations w/ Cuba
Guantanamo Bay
place in Cuba where we still have a military base
Mathews
a times writer; stayed w/ Castro peep in forest; we tell him to get out
January 1959
date Castro comes to power
Bay of Pigs
April 1961; plan by Dulles; we train Cuban exiles in S. Florida; we pretend we weren't behind it; maybe we were supposed to help them? failure. Castro more popular
Operation Mongoose
a series of sabotage for US on Cuba; we would sneak over and burn things and stuff; turned Cuba towards USSR; assassination plans; CIA joins w/ Mafia
Cuban Missile Crisis
Oct 1962; USSR gave Castro some 'Surface to Air Missiles' (SAMs); we go to UN; we "quarantine" Cuba; TENSE; they back down & we unofficially tell USSR we won't invade anymore; get Test Ban Treaty & Hot Line
De-Con
1: war; 2: eminent; 3: crisis. we were in 2 during Missile Crisis!
Test Ban Treaty
Aug 1963; says you can no longer test nuclear weapons b/c they're bad for the enviorment/ peep (can test underground)
Turkey
but we had missiles in ___ pointed towards USSR!
Che Guevara d. 1967
DATE; wants to spread Maoism? "We need to create many Vietnams"; goes to Bolivia (thinks it perfect for comm) bt captured/ executed- becomes martyr
July 26 Movement
name of the movement when Castro & bro lead attack on military base but it fails and he gets arrested (will later walk out of jail)
Leopold II
king of Belgium; largest stockholder in the company that owned the Congo; after he dies, Congo is owned by Belgium
1960
year Belgium gets its indep (VERY abrupt)
Lumumba
d. 1961; PM of Belgium 60-61; admired Nkrumo (pan-Africanism, throwing off west); overthrown by his gov't; handed over to Tshombe by Kasuvubu & Mobutu; killed; becomes new martyr to pan-Africanists & comm martyr to USSR
Kasuvubu
prez of Belgium. HAD to name Lumumba PM b/c he had the biggest army; hand Lumumba over to Tsombe
Mobutu
was a Sergent then commander of the military; hand Lumumba over to Tshombe; emerges from Simba Rebellion as dictator; finally overthrown 1997; "the guide", "Mobutism"
Tshombe
tries to have Katanga (area) succeed; a little better w/ west, so west wants him to succeed; hires white mercenaries; appeals to UN for troops- not fast enough; turns to USSR
Katanga
area in south east of Belgium; where most of the mineral wealth is
Hammarskjold
d. 1961; secretary general of UN; goes to Congo bt his plane crashes and he dies
Simba Rebellion
means 'lion'; battle; Mobutu emerges from it- is dictator till 1997
Zaire
what is the Congo called 1971- 1997?
Democratic Republic of the Congo
what is the Congo now called?
Laurent Kabila
when Mobutu is toppled, he takes over; a resistance leader; shot by his own peep in 2001; now Congo ruled by his son
Joseph Kabila
(2001- )dude who rules Congo now; he is okay- mild dictatorship