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26 terms

MWH - WW2 - BLANKS

Flashcards with blanks for Modern World History, KTHS
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dictator
ruler who takes ___________ of a country by __________ and uses force to keep power (examples: Hitler, Mussolini, and Stalin)
Fascism
political movement in the 1920s and 1930s that was ______________________, militarist, and opposed to democracy; the Fascist political party came to power in _____________in 1922
Mussolini
____________________ dictator who came to power in Italy in 1922
Nazi Party
National Socialist political party in _____________________; it controlled Germany from ________ until 1945; held fascist and racist beliefs
Adolf Hitler
brutal _______________________ dictator and head of the National Socialist (Nazi) ___________________party, 1933-45
genocide
the planned destruction of a group of people; the ___________________ is an example.
Holocaust
Nazis' plan to destroy the entire _______________population of Europe; succeeded in killing approx. _______ million people
propaganda
words, pictures, and other information that have the purpose of changing peoples' _______________ and behavior
FDR
Franklin Delano _________________________, the American president between ________________and 1945
Joseph Stalin
brutal __________________who ruled the Soviet Union between __________________and 1953; led the country during the Great Depression and World War 2
collective farms
In the Soviet Union, _________________owned by the government and operated to produce food for ________________workers
antisemitism
hatred of ______________ people, the Jewish _______________, and the Jewish "race"
racism
belief that ______________differences between people reflect differences in character and worth
aggression
use of ___________________force to achieve political goals
blitzkrieg
means "_______________________ ______________" in German; refers to quick, violent attacks on an enemy country
Axis countries
In World War 2, _____________________, Italy, _____________________and their allies
Allies
countries that opposed the _______________ in WW2, especially the ______________, Britain, and Soviet Union
concentration camps
prison camps created by _______________ for Jews, socialists, and other "enemies" of Germany
killing centers
one of six concentration camps in Nazi-occupied _____________ whose purpose was to murder "enemies," especially Jews (includes ________________________ and Treblinka)
appeasement
policy of letting Hitler have what he wanted in the late 1930s "just one more _________________"
naval base
port where a country's _________________ is built, trained, and maintained
Pearl Harbor
American naval base in _________________ that was bombed by _______________ on 12/7/41 in a surprise attack
Stalingrad
huge battle between __________________and Nazi armies; the Soviets won in early __________________
D-Day
massive naval and __________________ invasion of Nazi-controlled France on June 6, ______________
atomic bomb
powerful bomb dropped by _____________________planes on Japanese cities of ________________________ and Nagasaki in 1945
Comintern
A ______________________organization in the Soviet Union that spread communist ideas and supported communist political ________________ throughout the world